PROFIL LINGKAR PINGGANG DAN FRAKSI LIPID DARAH PASIEN RAWAT JALAN DI POLI PENYAKIT DALAM RSUD GUNUNG JATI CIREBON

Jazilah*), Mia Komalasari**) Hasanah Mumpuni**)

ABSTRACT

Background:Dislipidema as lipid metabolism disorder markerd with increassing or decreassing of lipid fraction in plasma. One way to find out the existenci of dislipidemia was by seeing the increassing of the total cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride, also decreasing HDL through examination in laboratories. The population in western country shows the relation between obesity and dislipidemia. Cetral obesity (androit) was type of obesity that fat reserve wa being saved under abdomen. Waist Circle recognized as one indicator of central obesity measurement because waist circle was a from of predictor to abdomen fat. Nowadays waist circle was being recommended as the simple and practical anthropometry measurement to astimate the abdomen fat

Objective:To explain the characteristic of respondent in accoordance with waist circle and lipid fraction

Method:The study was cross sectional research design. Population study were medical patient in disease section of RSUD Gunung Jati Cirebon. Amount of the samples were 67 people. Primary data were characteristic data and waist cirsle data, secondary data was lipid profile data

Result:Most the respondents were females and ≥45 years old. Most of them had obese waist circle while males were normal. The group of age ≥45 years old had obese waist circle and age <45 years old had normal waist circle. Most of the respondents that being observed based on sex or age had high cholesterol level, normal LDL level, high HDL, and normal triglyceride. No relation between waist circle and total cholesterol, LDL and HDL levels. There was middle category of positive relationship with contribution about 18.5% between waist circle and trygliceride levels, or each increasing of 1cm waist circle could raise trygliceride rate for about 2,641 mg/dl Key Word: waist circle, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and Trygliceride *) Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Yogyakarta, e-mail: jazilah.bambang@yahoo.co.id **) Alumni S1 Gizi UGM ***) Program Studi S1 Gizi UGM Item type           : Jurnal Ilmiah Bibliografi         : Jurnal NUTRISIA VOL. 9, NO. 1, Maret 2008, ISSN 1693-945X Subject              : Gizi Klinik Deposted by    : Admin Jurusan Gizi Deposted on    : 31 Januari 2012

VARIASI CAMPURAN TEPUNG BIJI NANGKA DENGAN TEPUNG TAPIOKA DALAM PEMBUATAN KERUPUK DITINJAU DARI SIFAT FISIK, SIFAT ORGANOLEPTIK DAN KADAR FOSFOR

Emi Nur Muslimah*), Agus Wijanarka**), Waluyo**)

ABSTRACT

Background:The seed of jackfruit was a high phosphor content (200mg.100g) but not optimally utilized. One alternative utilization can be made chips. Chips was a meal, that was dry, light and made of porous materials containing high starch. Starch content in seeds of jackfruit 40-50% so it could be used as a mixture of flour in making chips.

Objectives:To describe the physic, organoleptic and phosphor content of jackfruit chips made by mixing of jackfruit and tapioca flour

Methods:This study was quasy experimental study by simple random of four treatments. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to analysis organoleptic analysis

Result:Chips with mixing jackfruit seed flour 35%, 40%, and 45% proved browner, smell typical of the less chips, crisp texture of the less cruchy, and taste typical of the less chips. Organoleptic characteristics showed that there was no significant difference between many variation of jackfruit seed flour mixed with tapioca flour in color, crips/texture, flavour and taste of the chips. The highest phosphor chips (1.8585 mg/100g) was a jackfruit seed flour 45% mixing.

Conclusion:Chips with a variation of jackfruit seed flour mixture and tapioca flour has physical characteristics browner, smell typical of the less chips, crisp, crisp texture of less chips, crisp texture of the less crunchy, and taste typical of the less chips. Chips with a variation of jackfruit seed flour mixture and tapioca flour has a significant difference to the color and texture while for the smell and taste there is no significant difference. Chips with mixture of jackfruit seed flour 45% have phosphorus highest

Key Word:Chips, jackfruit seed flour, physically, organoleptic, phosphorus

*) Lulusan Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

**) Staf Pengajar Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

Item type          : Jurnal Ilmiah
Bibliografi        : Jurnal NUTRISIA VOL. 11, NO. 2, September 2009, ISSN 1693-945X
Subject             : Teknologi Pangan
Deposted by    : Admin Jurusan Gizi
Deposted on   : 31 Januari 2012

FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS OBES DAN NON OBES DI RSUP DR. SARDJITO YOGYAKARTA

Ceria Puspita1, Hemi Sinorita2, Nurul Huda Syamsiatun3

ABSTRACT

Background:Diabetis mellitus is a group of merabolic diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels, that result from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. Insufficient production of insulin (either absolutely or relative to the body’s needs), production of deffective insulin (which is uncommon), or the inability of cells to use insulin properly and effeciently leads to hyperglycemia and diabetes. Many factors can influence Diabetes Mellitus among obese DM patient are different with non obeses patients.

Objective:To investigated the risk faktor telated DM 2 on obese and non obese patient in Polyclinic Endokrin of Dr. Sardjito Hospital

Method:This study was cross was sectional study. Subject of the study consist of 24 sample obese patient and 24 sample non obese patient. This was cross sectionly study in Dr. Sardjito Hospital in November – December 2008. Criteria subjects were patient with tipe 2 diabetes mellitus, ≥ 18 years old, newly diagnosed of DM around 0-24 months, and willing to undertaken to the research. Risk factors studied were age, history of the obese, physical activity, genetics, history of having a baby> 4000g, hypertension, dyslipidemia, sufering from PCOS, impaired glucose tolerance, cardoivascular disease, and smoking habits the data obesity was measured by BMI, obese if BMI: ≥23, and non obese if BMI: 18.5 – 22.9. Data were colleted with interview, medical record and measure antrhopometri. Statistical test which is used is chi square.

Result:From descriptive study, there are two variables which is include risk factors of type 2 DM, obesity history (RP= 8.54, 95% Cl= 1.28 – 57.02) and hypertension history (RP= 1.97, 95% Cl= 1.08 – 3.59). From statistical analysis chi square showed that there were variable significantly related with incidence type 2 DM, are obesity history (p= 0.000), hypertension history (p= 0.020). The obese patient with hypertension history were 62,5% and non obese patient were (11%).

Conclusions:obesity, hypertension history and habits of smoking were risk factors to incidence of type 2 DM in Polyclinic Endokrin Dr. Sardjito Hospital

Key Word:diabetes mellitus, risk factors, obesity

1. Prodi S1 Gizi FK – UGM

2. RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta

3. Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

Item type          : Jurnal Ilmiah
Bibliografi        : Jurnal NUTRISIA VOL. 13, NO. 1, Maret 2011, ISSN 1693-945X
Subject             : Gizi Klinik
Deposted by    : Admin Jurusan Gizi
Deposted on   : 31 Januari 2012

THE POWER OF SMS (Shorts Message Services); is it Effective? EFEKNYA TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN DAN KEPATUHAN MINUM TABLET BESI SERTA KADAR HEMOGLOBIN IBU HAMIL

Mars Khendra Kusfriyadi1, Hamam Hadi2, Anis Fuad3

ABSTRACT

Background:Low compliance of pregnant women consuming iron tablet due to the high prevalence of anemia in Indonesia. SMS is expected to be media to send nutrition messages abd remind pregnant mothers of taking iron table.

Objective:To identify the impact of SMS for knowledge and the implementation of the pregnant women to take iron tables and hemoglobin concentration.

Methods:This study used quasy experiment with pre and post test control/non equivalent control group design involving 2 experiment groups, i.e. SMS and control as comparator. Subject of the study consist of 81 pregnant women. The study was taken from November 2009 to April 2010 at Pahandut and Tangkiling Health Center, Palangkaraya.

Result:Pregnant Women who intervened sms significantly improve their knowledge (p<0.05). Pregnant women that got SMS had knowledge 11,8 point higher (coef = 18,26) and probability 4 times more obedient than the control group (OR=3,6). SMS intervention could increase obedience up to 37,14% and high obedience (≥80%) significantly affecting (p<0,05) increasing hemoglobin up to 1,5 g/dl. The change in hemoglobin concentration is different with group treatment (SMS). Increasing obedience (dose-response) in pregnant women with preliminary hemoglobin level <11 g/dl. Meanwhile, pregnant women with preliminary hemoglobin ≥ 11 g/dl, increasing hemoglobin concentration statistically sicnificant when obedience reached ≥ 80%. Conclusion:Pregnant women that got SMS have better knowledge and obedience wuth taking iron tablet that the control group. SMS intervention could change indirectly hemoglobin cocentration. High obedience could significantly increase hemoglobin concentration. Key Word:Anemia, pregnant women, knowledge, behavior, hemoglobin cocentration, SMS, nutrition edication. 1.Staf pengajar Poltekkes Kemenkes Palangkaraya, Jl. Obos, Palangkaraya 2, 3. Staf pengajar FK Universitas Gadjah Mada Item type          : Jurnal Ilmiah Bibliografi        : Jurnal NUTRISIA VOL. 13, NO. 1, Maret 2011, ISSN 1693-945X Subject             : Gizi Klinik Deposted by    : Admin Jurusan Gizi Deposted on   : 31 Januari 2012

FAKTOR RISIKO YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN MYALGIA PADA BURUH HARIAN SAWIT DI DESA SUKAJAYA KECAMATAN KOTAWARINGIN LAMA KABUPATEN KOTAWARINGIN BARAT PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TENGAH TAHUN 2011 Yulia Christiana*, Yamtana**, Haryono***

Abstract

 

The activities of palm oil daily workers which are carried out manually is at risk to causing muscle pain or myalgia. The other factors contribute to this con-dition are the unsupported physical environment, workers’ endurance, and the incompatiblity between work load and work capacity. The study was aimed to determine the risk factors correlated with myalgia among pal oil daily workers at Sukajaya Village of Kotawaringin Lama Subdistrict. The observed depen-dent variables were age, sex, status within family, workload, period of employ-ment, distance of workplaces, and transportation modes, and the data were collected by following cross sectional design. The study sample were all daily workers who work for PT BGA i.e.139 person. The data were obtained through questionnaires, direct interviews and physical examinations of the pulse rate measurements when they were working. The data were analyzed uni-variately and by using chi square test for bivariate analysis. The results showed that risk factors of myalgia were female gender (p

 

Kata Kunci: myalgia, buruh sawit

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Kesehatan kerja

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 3 Hal 101-150, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 31 Januari 2012

 

 

 

PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN BIOSTARTER LIMBAH NANAS TERHADAP VOLUME BIOGAS YANG DIHASILKAN Siti Nurkhasanah*, Sri Puji Ganefati**, Muryoto***

Abstract

 

Cow dung in Kadipaten Village of Kedungjambal, Tawangsari, Sukoharjo had not been managed appropriately. Actually, the organic substance contained in cow dung is potentially used as raw material for biogas making. To accelerate the time needed in the biogas processing, biostarter can be added such as pineapple peels waste. The aim of the study was to identify which biostarter concentration is the most effective. The study was an experirmental one with laboratory scale and followed post-test only with control group design. In each biogas digester tank which made of 50 litre volume jerrycan consisted of 14 litre fresh cow dung, 23,4 litre dilution water and 2,6 litre pineaplle waste bio-starter concentration. The concentration variation of the biostarter were 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, 100%. The biostarter was made by fermentation process in two times of 24 hours from the mixture of pineapple peels, tempe, banana, onion and sugar solution. The results showed that the mean volume of biogas yielded by the control group was 140 mm3, and in the 20%, 40% and 60% concentration groups were 794,0 m3, 859.7 mm3 and 925,0 respectively, but with negative flame test. Meanwhile, in the 80% and 100% concentration groups, the volume of biogas produced were 1107,0 mm3 and 1307,7 mm3 in average and show two and four minutes flame time respectively. The statistical analysis with one way anova test concluded that biostarter made from pine-apple peel waste affecting the yielded biogas volume and the most effective concentration was 100% .

 

Kata Kunci: kotoran sapi,biogas, limbah nanas, biostarter,

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Pengelolaan sampah

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 3 Hal 101-150, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 31 Januari 2012

 

 

 

ANALISIS KONDISI SANITASI LINGKUNGAN PENDERITA ASCARIASIS DAN TRICHURIASIS ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA (STUDI KASUS) Siti Hani Istiqomah*, Soebijanto**, Agus Suwarni***

Abstract

 

Indonesia is a tropical country where parasites can grow well and causing in-fection among people due to poor environmental sanitation, lack of individual hygiene and low social economic condition. Diseases caused by Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura are public health problems in Indonesia, of which 60 – 80% of their prevalence occurs among school children. According to the result of faeces examination conducted by the Health Office of Yogyakarta Municipality and Indonesian Family Planning Asociation of Yog-yakarta, there are 197 children suffering from Ascariasis and Trichuriasis. The objective of the study was to analyze the environmental sanitation condition of children’ houses and schools. The research was a case study consisted of qualitative and quantitative data collection. Research instruments used were checklist for the observation of environmental sanitation and indepth interview guidance to obtain qualitative data. Independent sample t-test at 95% significance level showed results that the p-values for environmental sanitation condition of houses was 0.817 and of schools was 0.144. The result of Pearson correlation test for environmental sanitation condition yielded p-values 0,045 for houses and 0,022 for schools. There was correlation between environmental sanitation condition of home and of school in among Ascariasis and Trichuriasis. The results of descriptive analysis showed that there were 15 houses (39%) of 38 Ascariasis sufferers which had poor home sanitation condition; out of the 126 Trichuriasis sufferers there were 64 houses (51%) which had adequate home sanitation condition and 42 houses (33%) which had poor home sanitation condition. Among the condition of school envi-ronment sanitation of Ascariasis sufferers, 18 children (47%) were from ade-quate category and among the condition of school environment sanitation of Trichuriasis sufferers, 52 children (41%) belong to poor category. Qualitatively, children’s individual hygiene practices were low, such as had dirty short/long nails, often playing outdoor, had direct contact with soil and excreted at rivers.

 

Kata Kunci: ascariasis, trichuriasis, sanitasi lingkungan, higiene perorangan 

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Sanitasi lingkungan

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 3 Hal 101-150, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 31 Januari 2012

 

FAKTOR FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAFASAN AKUT BERULANG PADA BALITA Nofa Widyastuti*, M. Mirza Fauzie**, Bambang Suwerda***

Abstract

 

Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is the major cause of death in children under five. The occurrence of ARI among children under five in Indonesia is estimat-ed between 3 to 6 times per year. The factors suspected influencing ARI incidence are age, sex, birth weight, breast feeding, immunization status, nutri-tional status, vitamin A deficiency, contact with ARI or tuberculosis cases, antibiotics treatment, and asthma in toddlers. The study is to determine the relationship between those factors with the recurrent of ARI in children under five. This observational study used case control design and was located  Alian District of Kebumen Regency. The data analysis performed by chi-square statistical test and Odds Ratio analysis at 0,05 significance level. The results showed that the risk factors for the recurrent of ARI among under five children are birth weight, breast feeding, immunization status, nutritional status, contact with people with ARI or tuberculosis, and treatment with antibiotics.

 

Kata Kunci: ISPA berulang, ISPA balita, faktor risiko

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Penyakit menular

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 3 Hal 101-150, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 31 Januari 2012

 

 

 

PENAMBAHAN BERBAGAI BERAT BUSA FILTER ROKOK SEBAGAI ADSORBEN TERHADAP PENURUNAN EMISI GAS BUANG KARBON MONOKSIDA (CO) PADA KNALPOT SEPEDA MOTOR Gede Nugraha*, Sigit Sudaryanto**, Tuntas Bagyono***

Abstract

 

Air pollution in Indonesia is estimated 70% comes from exhauster emission of motor vehicles, of which gasoline contributes for 70% carbon monoxide (CO). One of efforts for controlling exhauster emission is by modifying the exhauster system itself. In this study the modification is conducted by adding cigarette filter as gas adsorbent. The objectives of the study was to determine the effect of adding various weight cigarette filters in decreasing the carbon monoxide emission, and to know the most effective weight by conducting an experiment which followed one group pre-test post-test design. The gas sampling was measured 15 times on each of the cigarette filter weight. The results showed that the 40, 50 and 60 grams cigarette used reduced the CO concentration, and the most effective weight was the 40 grams which could decrease the CO in 2.00% average with overall percentage decrease of 48.14%.

 

Kata Kunci: karbon monoksida, busa filter rokok, adsorben

 

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Penyehatan udara

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 3 Hal 101-150, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 31 Januari 2012

 

 

PENGARUH BENTUK BRIKET BLOTONG TERHADAP LAMA WAKTU MENDIDIHKAN AIR DAN LAMA MEMBARA Eliza Alphan*, Lilik Hendrarini**, Y.B. Kamat Kartono***

Abstract

 

Blotong as one of the wastes produced by sugar industries up to now has not been processed and managed adequately and so that raise people concern. Actually the waste can be utilized as biocharcoal briquette and be used as alternative fuel. Based on this, the purpose of this research is to know whether various shapes (i.e. spherical, cylindric, and cube) of the blotong briquette has diferent water boiling time and smouldering time by conducting an experiment which was following post test only design. The blotong were taken from Madukismo sugar industry in Tirtonirmolo Bantul. The study results showed that the average time for water boiling observed from the cylindric briquette (454,70 seconds) was the fastest compared with the other two; and the average smouldering time recorded from spherical briquette was the longest (i.e. 1805,30 seconds). Both of the results, when analyzed with one way anova test gained p-value lower than 0,05 which can be interpreted that the time differences between the three shapes were significant. Based on the results, the sugar industry as well as the people living nearby are advised to utilize the blotong. Further study to reveal if fresh and old blotong has different briquette quality is needed to carry on.

   

Kata Kunci : briket, bioarang, blotong

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Pengelolaan sampah

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 3 Hal 101-150, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 31 Januari 2012