KUALITAS AIR SUNGAI DI WILAYAH YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2008

Sigid Sudaryanto*, Sri Muryani**

 

*JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, Jl.Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, DIY 55293

** JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta

Abstract

 

Rivers as water body, for Yogyakarta’s people who are living nearby are used as one of the clean water sources to fulfill their daily needs. This study was aimed to understand and reveal the measurement of some field parameters as well as the laboratory ones of five rivers which crossing Yogyakarta. There were three measuring points for each observed river. The results showed that for following parameters: i.e. BOD, DO, pH, TSS, and temperature; the mea-surement still meet the standards stated by the government regulation No. 20/1990 about the tresholds for water quality of type B water. Those findings may be affected by the aeration process generated by small basins existed in some places, and also by the dilution process caused from additional debit of small rivers which ended at the rivers. However, as the MPN coliform was very high and had not fulfilled the requisite, it showed an indication that the rivers are contaminated by human excreta and so that they are not safe for clean water source.

 

Kata Kunci: pencemaran air sungai, BOD, DO, pH, TSS, suhu, debit aliran, MPN coliform

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Pencemaran air

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 2 Nomor 1 Hal 1-40, Yogyakarta Agustus 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

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Posted on :   27  Februari 2012

PENGGUNAAN TABUNG PENANGKAP EMISI MODEL FILTER GANDA UNTUK MENURUNKAN CO KENDARAAN BERMOTOR 4 LANGKAH

Damas Nurisa Aji*, Siti Hani Istiqomah**, Y. B. Kamat Kartono***

 

*JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, Jl.Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, DIY 55293

** JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, email: hani-ist@yahoo.co.id

***JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta

Abstract

 

Motorcycle and car derived from technology development, apart from their ad-vantages as transportation vehicles are contributing to emit pollution gases such as carbon monoxide (CO) to environment. Another source for CO emis-sion is repair shop. In order to decrease CO pollution from that place, this e-mission catchment tube with double filter was developed. The tool consists of activated carbon and glass wool as the adsorbent filter agents. The study used a 100 cc 4-strokes motorcycle as the source of CO emission and auto check 974/5 for measuring the CO concentration. Both descriptively and analytically, the results showed that the tube was able to decrease the pollutant concentra-tion (p value 0,016). Howeer, it is suggested that any follow-up studies should explore the other possible material of the adsorbent, as well as the effective saturation time and the effective amount or number of the the filter.

 

Kata Kunci: emisi CO, adsorben, arang aktif, glass wool

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Penyehatan Udara

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 2 Nomor 1 Hal   1-40, Yogyakarta Agustus 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

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Posted on :  27 Februari 2012

PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH CAIR TAHU SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU ALTERNATIF GAS BIO

Dita Yuliana*, Sri Muryani**, Agus Kharmayana Rubaya***

 

*JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, Jl.Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, DIY 55293

** JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta

***JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, email: agus.rubaya@gmail.com

Abstract

 

The liquid waste yielded from soybean curd industry owned by Mr. Sudaryanto has not been adequately processed before discarded into water body. As the result, some people who living nearby felt annoyed. On the other hand, the li-quid waste contains relatively high organic substance which can be utilized as raw material for bio gas production. The objective of the study was to produce bio gas from the utilization of soybean curd liquid waste. It was expected that the bio gas would have similar characteristics with those made from cow ma-nure. By using “Post Test Only Control Group Design”, the collected data from this true experimental study was analyzed descriptively, as well as analytically by using unpaired t-test at 0,05 significance level; meanwhile, to analyze the results two parameters were selected i.e the time needed to forming and the quantity of the bio gas. As the results: there was no difference between the time needed to forming the bio gas made of soybean curd liquid waste and that of cow manure (p-value = 0,069); however, there was a difference between the quantities of the bio gas made of both raw materials (p-value = 0,036).

 

Kata Kunci: gas bio, limbah cair tahu, kotoran sapi

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Pemanfaatan limbah cair

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 2 Nomor 1 Hal 1-40, Yogyakarta Agustus 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

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Posted on :  27 Februari 2012

METODA ”NEAROBISTSED” UNTUK MENURUNKAN BOD DAN TSS LIMBAH CAIR PEMOTONGAN AYAM ”DARKY” DI GAMPING, YOGYAKARTA

Dian Wahyu Subiyanto*, Urip Widjajono**, Haryono***

 

*JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, Jl.Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, DIY 55293

** JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, email: uripwidjajono@yahoo.com

***JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, email: haryono.kl@gmail.com

Abstract

 

The study was aimed to understand the influence of processing liquid waste from “Darky” chicken abbatoir by using neutralization, bee-hive model anae-robic and aerobic biofilter, and sedimentation chambers towards the decrease of BOD and TSS concentration; and whether the decrease comply the requisite tresholds regulated by Yogyakarta Province. The study conducted pre-test post-test with control design. Integrated and composite methods were used to obtain 240 liters liquid waste sample. The collected data were tabulated and descriptively analysed; as well as statistically analysed by using unpaired t-test at 95% confidence level. The results show that in experimental group, BOD was reduced from 1070,61 mg/l to 88,68 mg/l or 91,72%; and TSS was re-duced from 1222,17 mg/l to 63,13 mg/l or 94,83%. Both parameters have fullfiled the above standards. Subsequently, the statistical test also shows strong evidence that in experimental group the reduction were significantly dif-ferent with those in control group The study suggests that the model can be used as an alternative method for processing liquid waste from chicken ab-batoir. However, in its application, further adjustment regarding to the debit of the liquid waste should be considered.

 

Kata Kunci: BOD, TSS, limbah cair pemotongan ayam

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Pengolahan limbah cair

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 2 Nomor 1 Hal  1-40 , Yogyakarta Agustus 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :  27 Februari 2012

HUBUNGAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR DENGAN TINGKAT ENDEMISITAS DBD DI PUSKESMAS DLINGO I BANTUL TAHUN 2008

Daryati Prihatin Achmad*, Heru Subaris Kasjono**, Achmad Husein***

 

*Puskesmas Dlingo I, Bantul

** JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, Jl. Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, DIY 55293, email: kherusubaris@gmail.com

***JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, email: husein_2yz@gmail.com

Abstract

 

Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is one of the major health problem in the period of 2005 to 2025. Therefore, it is urgent to find the ways to solve this problem as so many people got this disease every year. The purpose of the research was aimed to reveal the relationship between the knowledge level of DHF disease, the action level of DBD controlling as well as the existence of the corresponding Aedes aegypti larvae, with the endemicity level in the Dlingo I Community Health Centre. The study employed survey method with cross sec-tional approach in two villages i.e. Dlingo and Mangunan which represents en-demic and sporadic areas respectively. The interviewed respondent of this stu-dy was housewives and the data needed were collected by using questionnaire and also checklist to observe the mosquitos. By conducting chi square and pearson correlation test, the study concluded that endemicity was not cor-related with knowledge level (p-value 0,164). However, the endemicity were associated with both the controlling action (p-value 0,029) and the mosquito existency (p-value 0,001). Based on this findings, in order to prevent the occurence of DBD in the future, it was suggested that people have to re-vitalize the 3M program and the eradication of the mosquitoes’ breeding places. It was advised as well for DBD control counsellor to improve and to increase the health education program and to organize people who responsible in observing the existence of mosquito larvae amongst the community. 

 

Kata Kunci: Demam Berdarah Dengue, endemisitas,, larva Aedes aegypti

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Pengendalian vektor

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 2 Nomor 1 Hal 1-40 , Yogyakarta Agustus 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

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Posted on :   27 Februari 2012

HUBUNGAN NEM, PILIHAN JURUSAN DAN NILAI TES SIPENMARU DENGAN PRESTASI BELAJAR MAHASISWA JKL YOGYAKARTA

F.X. Amanto Rahardjo*, Sri Puji Ganefati**, Kapti Driantoto***

 

*JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, Jl.Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, DIY 55293

** JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta, email: Ganefati@yahoo.com

***JKL Poltekkes Depkes Yogyakarta

Abstract

 

The objectives of the study were: to understand the number of applicants who chose Environmental Health Department (JKL) as their first choice, the ave-rage of applicants’ high school’s passing grade (NEM), and the average grade of their selection test. The study was aimed as well to reveal the relationship between those three factors with the Cummulative Achievement Index amongst JKL’s students. To attain its objectives, the study employed a cross sectional survey by collecting the corresponding data during the academic year between 2004/2005 and 2006/2007. The results showed a strong relationship between those three factors with the achievement of the students, of which the NEM was the biggest contributor. It was suggested that in the future the new student selection method could use the NEM selection only, since it is relatively more effective and efficient compared with conventional written test.

     

Kata Kunci : indeks prestasi kumulatif, metoda seleksi mahasiswa baru

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Prestasi belajar mhs kes lingkungan

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 2 Nomor 1 Hal   1-40  , Yogyakarta Agustus 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :  27 Februari 2012

LITERATURE REVIEW : STUDI TENTANG DENGUE MODELLING, APLIKASINYA UNTUK MEMPERKUAT DENGUE SURVEILANS

Agus Kharmayana Rubaya

*Staf Pengajar Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Politeknik Kesehatan Depkes Yogyakarta

Abstract

 

Dengue is one of major public health problems in Indonesia. However, health surveillance as one of important activies for controlling this disease still needs improvement, particularly in predicting the excessing incidence amongst population. Since many factors are associated with the spreading of dengue, it is important to incorporate those factors in the existing dengue surveillance to enhance its predictability.

This literature review was aimed to provide scientific consideration whether any dengue model developed in other countries is applicable for strengthening dengue surveillance. The review was conducted by searching related scientific articles in health journal databases available from University of Melbourne’s electronic library. The criteria to critically appraise the models were: the adequacy of sample size; the appropriateness and adequacy of both the measurements and the sources of dengue outcomes and predictors data; model’s validation; and potential bias.

 Nineteen models were identified of which each model has heir own limitation and potential bias. Therefore, no model could be directly implemented to improve the existing dengue surveillance in Indonesia. Nevertheless, aspects and methods in constructing some models, such as the importance of incorporating various predictors; the importance of determining area or community risk level; and the usefulness of employing Geographical Information System (GIS) technology could be considered. Subsequently, this review recommends that further studies for developing region-based prediction models should be proposed and conducted in the future.

 

Keywords : Dengue, Dengue Models, Dengue Surveillance, Incidence Prediction

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Surveilans epidemiologi

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 1 Nomor 2 Hal  51-111, Yogyakarta Januari 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

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Posted on :  24 Februari 2012

UJI KUALITAS AIR MINERAL KEMASAN DAN PEMURNIAN AIR MENGGUNAKAN LEMPUNG AKTIF

 Narto*, Siti Hani Istiqomah*, Nursiti**

*Staf Pengajar Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Politeknik Kesehatan Depkes Yogyakarta

**Petugas Hygiene &Sanitasi Puskesmas Mlati I, Kabupaten Sleman

Abstract

 

Thirty seven samples of bottled mineral water of 15 existing brands from Yogyakarta’s surrounding areas had been analysed. The analysis used Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric and Spectrometric methods, and were aimed to examine metal and anion contents.

In general, the results of the analysis showed that mineral content in bottled water samples has fulfilled the Indonesian Industry Standard. However, still few of them disconformed the contents stated on their corresponding labels.

In order to produce high quality bottled water, the usefulness of activated clay as ion exchange resin was subsequently tested. The test showed that activated clay can be used as purifier media for processing river water or industrial waste water to generate mineral drinking water.

 

Keywords : Bottled Mineral Water, Activated Clay, Ion Exchange Resin

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Pengolahan air

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 1 Nomor 2 Hal 51-111 , Yogyakarta Januari 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

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Posted on :  24 Februari 2012

PEMANFAATAN PENGOLAHAN METODA CIDAT (CIRCULAIR DOUBLE ANAEROBIC TANKS) TERHADAP KADAR COD, TSS, AMMONIA LIMBAH CAIR INDUSTRI PEMOTONGAN AYAM

Bambang Suwerda, Heru Subaris Kasjono, Y. B. Kamat Kartono

*Staf Pengajar Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Politeknik Kesehatan Depkes Yogyakarta

Abstract

CIDAT method was a waste water treatment plant which was developed to overcome waste water originated from chicken abattoir industry. The method used community-based technology approach, and was developed in Klaci II Village, Margoluwih, Seyegan, Sleman Regency.

The research was aimed to study the influence of CIDAT toward the decrease of COD, TSS, and Ammonia concentration in the waste water. The study used “Pre-Test Post-Test With Control Group Design”; and the waste water sampling method was grab sampling of which three repetitions for both the treatment and control groups were conducted. As control group, the Terban chicken waste water installation was chosen.

The results showed that the average decrease of COD concentration were from 1855 mg/l to 58,37 mg/l, or 98,85%; TSS: from 1597,5 mg/l to 36,5 mg/l or 97,72%; and Ammonia: from 3,16 mg/l to 0,74 mg/l or 75,81%. This results had fulfilled the corresponding regulation.

The study recommend that CIDAT technology can be used to minimize the decrease in environment quality caused by the waste water, and subsequently could protect the health of people living nearby the industry.

Full Text

Keywords : Waste Water Treatment, Chicken Abattoir, Anaerobic Processing, Chemical Oxygen Demand, Total Suspended Solid, Ammonia 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject : Pengolahan limbah

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 1 Nomor 2 Hal 83-92, Yogyakarta Januari 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

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Posted on : 24 Februari 2012

PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN GENTENG KACA TERHADAP ANGKA KUMAN UDARA RUANG TIDUR DI DUSUN KARANG DUREN, KALITIRTO, BERBAH, SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA

Oka Prastyo Wijanarko*, Sigid Sudaryanto**, Y. B. Kamat Kartono**

*Mahasiswa Pengajar Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Politeknik Kesehatan Depkes Yogyakarta

**Staf Pengajar Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Politeknik Kesehatan Depkes Yogyakarta

Abstract

 

One of the important rooms in a house is bedroom where people can use it for taking a rest or sleeping in a standard of eight hours/day. Based from a preliminary observation held at two bedrooms in Kalitirto Village, the number of microrganisms measured in the ambient air were 3592 colonies/m3 and 3204 colonies/m3 respectively. These numbers did not fulfill the maximum number of microrganisms permitted for ambient air in a room i.e 700 colony/m3.  Those high numbers of air microorganisms can affect household’s members’  health and furthermore can lead to the emerge of some diseases, such as Tuberculosis and Acute Respiratory Infection. Because of this case, the study was aimed to decrase the numbers of the air microrganisms by installing glass roofs. The glass roofs were considered as effective media through which ultraviolet in sun rays can enter the rooms, and useful for reducing the number of the existing air microorganisms.

The research was a true experimental study which used pre-test and post-test design. The research was conducted in 15 bedrooms, from which three groups of treatment consisted of five bedrooms were set. The sample bedrooms were installed by one, two and three glass roofs respectively. The data was analysed descriptively; and analytically by using paired t-test with sigificancy level at 0,05. The purpose of the research was to understand the influence of glass roofs installation on the number of microorganisms in ambient air of bedrooms, by comparing those numbers between treatment and control groups.

Results of the research showed that the p-values generated for the decrease of the microrganisms numbers between the pre-test and post-test were: 0,003 (one glass roofs installation); 0,006 (two glass roofs installation); and 0,002 (three glass roofs installation). Therefore, it can be concluded that the installation of glass roofs on bedrooms affected the decrease of air microorganisms number.

 

Keywords : Glass Roof, Air Microorganisms, Bedrooms Air-Quality

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Penyehatan rumah

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 1 Nomor 2 Hal     , Yogyakarta Januari 2008, ISSN 1978-5763

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :  24 Februari 2012