ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO GANGGUAN KESEHATAN AKIBAT KONDISI RUMAH DAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN DI DUSUN KARANGDUREN, KALITIRTO, BERBAH, SLEMAN TAHUN 2011: STUDI MANAJEMEN PENGELOLAAN RUMAH SEHAT DAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN

Subagiyono*

Abstract

 

In the declaration of Healthy Indonesia 2010, the environment condition is ex-pected to be conducive for the realization of a state which is free from health risk factors, have available clean water, have proper sanitation, comprises of healthy housing, have healthy area planning, and establish a communal care for health problems. Based on the data issued by the Ministry of Health in 2005, houses which could be categorized as healthy was only 35 %, and in rural areas the percentage of unhealthy houses is much bigger than those in urban areas. A preliminary study conducted in Puskesmas Berbah found that diarrhea and gastroenteritic, DHF and lung TB were the prominent incidences during 2010 in this area; and also found that three out of five water samples taken from dug well were not fullfiled the regulation. Based on that, this study was aimed to analyze whether house condition and environmental sanitation have the risk factors on health problems in the study area by doing an obser-vational study which employed cross-sectional design. The data from 49 hoses were epidemiologically analysed by using EpiInfo software, and the results conclude that there were positive correlation between temperature (OR 2,78), humidity (OR 1,82), illumination (OR 1,92), and type of house condition (OR 1,82) with the incidence of health problems among the dwellers.     

 

Kata Kunci: manajemen rumah sehat, sanitasi lingkungan, faktor risiko

 

Item type   : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject      : Sanitasi rumah

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 4 Hal 151-200, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :  30 Agustus 2012

PENGARUH CARA PEMBUATAN BRIKET BIOARANG KOPI TERHADAP KUALITAS BRIKET YANG DIHASILKAN

Nurohmah Jati Safitri*, Tuntas Bagyono**, Kamat Kartono***

Abstract

 

In the relation with the dwindling of petroleum production, other fuel alternati-ves are researched. The utilization of organic wastes processed as biocharcoal briquette is one of the potential alternatives which has other advantages in re-ducing the corresponding health and environmental unneeded effect. One of the organic wastes that potentially to be changed as biocharcoal briquette is coffee husk. This study tried to reveal whether two types of briquette product-ion, i.e. briquette-charcoal and charcoal-briaquette have different quality com-pared with the common wooden charcoal by doing an experiment which em-ployed post-test-only-with-control-group-design. By using SPPS version 15 for windows, the statistical t-test showed that the two coffee husk briquette types were not significantly different in the time needed for water boiling and the smouldering time, however compared with the common wooden charcoal, both types were proved better. In terms of the carbon content, the charcoal-briquette type has the highest percentage and has fullfiled the requisite for good bri-quette standard.

 

Kata Kunci: briket bioarang, briket kulit kopi, kualitas briket

 

Item type   : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject      : Pengelolaan Sampah

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 4 Hal 151-200, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :  30 Agustus 2012

HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONDISI LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT DENGAN KEJADIAN FILARIASIS DI KECAMATAN PEMAYUNG PROVINSI JAMBI TAHUN 2011

Linggarjati*, Sri Muryani**, Abdul Hadi Kadarusno***

Abstract

 

Filariasis is a chronic infectious disease which are caused by micro worms from filaroidea family.The disease worms is transmitted via mosquito vectors and once a person catch the disease could result in permanent disability. Envi-ronment and human behavior are influential in spreading filariasis cases and the chains of transmission. The objectives of the study was to reveal the re-lationship between several independent variables, which consists of physical, biological, and social economic environment, and community behavior; and the incidence of filariasis in Kecamatan Pemayung, as one of endemic areas of filariasis in Jambi. The study employed case control study design. Each study groups comprised of 48 person. Observation and interview were the methods of data collection. The results show that the factors which were proven as risk factors for filariasis are: education level (OR: 6,176; 95% CI: 1,643-23,216), oc-cupation type (OR: 75,836; 95% CI: 4,52-1272,52), bed-net use (OR: 11,957; 95% CI: 3,712-38,515), out-door night activities (OR: 82,358; 95% CI: 4,91-1380,33), dressing habit (OR: 5,308; 95% CI: 1,082-26,040), the existence of watery plant (OR: 9,828; 95% CI: 2,668-36,206), the existence of animal reser-voir (OR: 7,5; 95% CI: 2,016-27,901), and wall type (OR: 51,087; 95% CI: 6,51-400,853.

   

Kata Kunci : filariasis, faktor risiko 

 

Item type   : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject      : Epidemiologi Filariasis

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 4 Hal 151-200, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :   30   Agustus 2012

PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN SERBUK BIJI KELOR TERHADAP JUMLAH Escherichia coli PADA AIR SUMUR GALI

Ruli Kusuma Wigati*, Hj. Lucky Herawati**, Bambang Suwerda***

Abstract

 

Dug well water which are contaminated by E. coli are not safe for drinking pur-poses, so that need proper treatment. However, in long term, the use of che-mical compound as water purifier may lead to unwanted effect and therefore the natural ones is more preferable. This study was aimed to understand the applicability of Kelor (Moringa oliefera) seed powder in reducing the number of E. coli in dug well water from Celeban Tahunan of Yogyakarta City by con-ducting en experiment which followed pre test post test with control group de-sign. The dose of the seed powder was 1,2 gram per liter processed water. The results show that the mean decrease of E. coli in the treatment group was 1019,313 MPN/100 ml or about 73,245 %, meanwhile in the control group it was only 152,733 MPN/100 ml or about 20,324 %. Further analysis proved that the difference of the mean reduction was statistically significant (p < 0,001). It is implied that Kelor seed powder is potential for decreasing microbes in drink-ing water, and therefore people is advised to use it as one alternative for water purification.

   

Kata Kunci : Moringa oliefera, penjernihan air minum, E. coli

 

 

Item type   : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject      : Pengolahan Air bersih

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 4 Hal 151-200, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :   30 Agustus 2012

PENGARUH FITOREMEDIASI Eichornia crassipes TERHADAP KADAR FOSFAT DAN AMONIA DI INSTALASI PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR RSUP DR SARDJITO YOGYAKARTA

Rini Purwasari*, M. Mirza Fauzie**, Haryono***

Abstract

 

As the byproduct of it’s activities, Dr Sardjito General Hospital produces waste-water which may contain hazardous microorganisms and substances. Two of the chemicals in the hospital’s waste water which had been exceeding the threshold were phosphate and ammonia. Excessive phosphate may lead to septicemia, while ammonia makes irritation and disturbs chlor disinfection. One of the treat-ments which can be used is phytoremediation by using Eichornia crassipes. The aim of the research was to identify the effect of this water plant in repair-ing the quality of the waste water by conducting an experiment with pre test post test with control group design. The plants were placed at sedi-mentation II chamber and were acclimatized beforehand. The results show that the mean decrease of phosphate in the control group was 0,554  mg/l, while in the treat-ment group was 0,916 mg/l. For ammonia, the mean decrease in the control group was 2,732 mg/l, and in the treatment group it was 5,829 mg/l. The data were then analyzed by using Mann Whitney test at 0,05 signification level, and yielded p-values of 0,020 and 0,026 for phosphate and ammonia reduction respectively, which means that the phytoremediation was signifi-cantly effective for reducing the two chemicals. The phosphate were reduced 22,973% and the  ammonia were of 28,33%.

   

Kata Kunci : fitoremediasi, Eichornia crassipes, limbah cair RS, fosfat, amonia

 

Item type   : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject      : Pengolahan Limbah Cair

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 4 Hal 151-200, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :  30 Agustus 2012

PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN BERBAGAI DOSIS BOKASHI ENCENG GONDOK TERHADAP LAMA WAKTU PENGOMPOSAN SAMPAH ORGANIK DI PASAR KARANGDOWO KLATEN

Herlinawahyu Nur Yuliana*, Adib Suyanto**, H. Purwanto***

Abstract

 

Because of its negative effects for the environment, such as causing smell and providing breeding places for the insect vectors of various diseases, the orga-nic waste from traditional markets is a problem that need to be solved. One method to cope the problem is by composting, and in this study an activator made from enceng gondok bokashi was used to accelerate the composting time. The study was an experiment with post test only with control group de-sign. The organic waste were taken from Karangdowo market by following inte-grated sampling method. The average composting time in control group was 42 days, meanwhile in the treatment groups the time needed were shorter, i.e. 30 days in the 400 gr bokashi addition, 28 days in the 450 gr bokashi addition, and 26 days in the 500 gr bokashi addition. Statistically, the time difference was significant (p < 0,001) and the latter bokashi variation was the most effective one.

 

Kata Kunci: bokashi enceng gondok, kompos, sampah organik pasar

Item type   : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject      : Pengelolaan Sampah

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 4 Hal 151-200, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :  30 Agustus 2012

HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU, KEPATUHAN MINUM OBAT DAN KONDISI FISIK RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN TIDAK KONVERSI PASIEN TUBERKULOSIS DI KABUPATEN KLATEN

Saras Kuntari*, Achmad Husein**, Sigid Sudaryanto***

* Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Klaten, email: yasjta@yahoo.com

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl. Tatabumi No. 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, DIY 55293

email: husein_2yz@yahoo.com

*** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

 

Abstract 

The finding of new BTA positive of TB cases in  Klaten Regency showing an in-crease from year to year, yet this condition were accompanied by the increase of the incidence of inconvertion. The failure of convertion of a TB case will make someone still become a source of TB bacteria transmission. The object-ive of this re-search was to determine the risk factors of the inconvertion. The explored variables were age, educational level, nutrional status, medicinal obe-dience, house humidity, house illumination and house density. The research was conducted between May – July 2011 and employed case-control design. In case group there were 35 TB patients with new BTA positive who did not convert, and by following 1 : 1 ratio, 35 control were included in the control group. Those study subjects were registered in Klaten’s Health Agency bet-ween January – September 2010 and came from community health centers and hospitals which have followed the DOTS program. Data were obtained through questionnaires and direct interviews as well as observation and direct measurement. Apart from univariate analysis, the data were also analysed bivariately by using chi square test, and followed by multivariate analysis using logistic regression test. The results shows that medicinal obedience was the primary risk factor of con-version failure with OR = 5,542; 95% CI = 1,760 to 17,449 and p value = 0,003. It is advised for TB patients that together with the importance of proper and on-scheduled medication, good nutrion intake for supporting the recovery and healthy home enviroment should be included for their concern.

   

Kata Kunci : tuberkulosis, BTA positif, konversi, kepatuhan minum obat

 

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Epidemiologi Tuberculosis

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 3 Nomor 4 Hal 151-200, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 30 Agustus 2012