PENGARUH VARIASI VOLUME CAMPURAN LUMPUR IPAL SEWON TERHADAP KUAT TEKAN BATU BATA PRODUKSI DESA TURI, SUMBERAGUNG, BANTUL

Wahyu Handoyo Putro*, Bambang Suwerda**, Sigid Sudaryanto***

 

* JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl.Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, DIY 55293,

email: onimax_kyo@yahoo.com

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

*** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

 Abstract

 

The Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) at Sewon Bantul, produces sludge as the by-pro-duct. The sludge is usually dried in the sludge drying bed and only a small part of it is used as fertilizer. Each year the sludge can be yielded as much as 3300 m3 and may have negative im-pact i.e. supporting the existence of disease insect vector and other annoying animals. One ef-fort for utilizing the sludge is use it as a mixture of red brick production. The aim of the study was to know the influence of the mixture variations between sludge and clay, i.e.3:1, 2:2, 1:3 and 0:4, on the pressure strength of the bricks by conducting an experiment using post-test with control group design. As the brick control were those made in Turi Village. From each mixture variation and control, 10 bricks were measured for their pressure strength in the construction laboratory.  Descriptively, the control bricks had the highest pressure strength, meanwhile among the treat-ment groups, bricks made from mixture ratio of 3:1 were the highest but had 16,9 % reduction compared with the controls.. The results of analysis by using independent t-test at 95 % signifi-cance level, showed that the pressure strength among bricks of four mixture variations were significantly different. However, the bigger the sludge was added the lower the pressure strength will be gained. Since the highest strength among the sludged bricks had not yet fulfilled the stan-dard issued by SII-0021-78 i.e. 25 kg/cm2, it is recommended that the bricks made of waste water sludge not to be used for heavy or high pressure building or dwelling construction.

 

Keywords : waste processing sludge, brick pressure strength

 

Intisari

 

Instalasi pengelolaan limbah cair (IPAL) di Sewon Bantul, menghasilkan produk samping berupa lumpur. Selama ini lumpur tersebut dikeringkan di bak pengering dan hanya sebagian kecil yang dimanfaatkan sebagai pupuk. Lumpur yang dihasilkan mencapai 3300 m3 per tahun. Dampak negatif dari keberadaan lumpur tersebut adalah dapat mendukung kehidupan serangga vektor penyakit dan binatang pengganggu lainnya. Salah satu upaya untuk memanfaatkan lumpur ter-sebut adalah menggunakannya sebagai campuran dalam pembuatan batu bata. Tujuan pe-nelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh dari variasi campuran tanah liat dan lumpur, yaitu 3:1, 2:2, 1:3 dan 0:4, terhadap kuat tekan batu bata yang dihasilkan melalui eksperimen dengan rancangan post-test with control group. Adapun sebagai pembanding adalah batu bata yang di-buat oleh pengrajin. Dari masing-masing variasi campuran dan pembanding, diukur kuat tekan 10 batubata di laboratorium konstruksi. Secara deskriptif, batu bata kelompok kontrol kuat tekan-nya paling tinggi, sedangkan di antara kelompok perlakuan, perbandingan 3:1 kuat tekannya tertinggi namun turun 16,9 % dibanding batubata kontrol. Hasil analisis dengan uji t-test bebas pada derajat kepercayaan 95 % menunjukkan bahwa kuat tekan di antara ke empat variasi cam-puran berbeda secara signifikan, tetapi semakin banyak campuran lumpur yang digunakan, kuat tekannya akan semakin rendah. Karena kuat tekan batu bata yang tertinggi di antara kelompok perlakuan masih belum memenuhi standar SII-0021-78 yaitu 25 kg/cm2, maka disarankan agar batu bata yang dibuat dengan campuran lumpur ini tidak digunakan untuk bangunan yang ber-penghuni atau bangunan yang memiliki berat atau tekanan yang tinggi.

 

Kata Kunci : lumpur pengolahan limbah, kuat tekan batubata

 

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Pengelolaan Limbah

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 4 Nomor 1 Hal 1- 50, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 13 Desember  2012

PEMANFAATAN CHITOSAN SEBAGAI PENGGANTI FORMALIN TERHADAP MASA SIMPAN DAN SIFAT ORGANOLEPTIK MIE BASAH

Ringga Risdiana*, Tuntas Bagyono**, Lilik Hendrarini***

 

* JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl. Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, DIY 55293,

email: Firewater_riezt@yahoo.com

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

*** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

 

Abstract

 

Wet noodle is a food product with high water level which can reach 52 %. Eventhough, formaline is a harmful chemical which is prohibited for food, nonetheless it is often used for preserving ing-redient in wet noodle production. Chitosan is a by-product of shrimp and crab processing which can be utilized as a substitution of formaline. The study was aimed to understand whether the preserving times and organoleptic natures of wet noodle added by chitosan and formaline were different or not. The study was an experiment one with post-test only with control group design. The doses of formaline and chitosan observed were 12, 20 and 28 ppm. The panelist for orga-noleptic testing were 10 students of Nutrition Department of Yogyakarta Polytechnic of Health. The data which were analysed by using Kruskal Wallis non parametric test revealed that the pre-serving times of the noodle made between the two chemical was not different (p=0,0962), as well as for aroma liking among the panelists (p=0,731). However, the score from panelists for color, texture and taste for the two types of wet noodle were different, i.e. p=0,004, <0,001 and 0,009 respectively. It is advised for producer who usually use formaline to start use chitosan as it is safe for the consumers.

   

Keywords : chitosan, formaline, food preservation, organoleptic nature

 

Intisari

 

Mie basah merupakan produk makanan dengan kadar air yang tergolong tinggi yakni mencapai 52 %. Walaupun merupakan bahan kimia berbahaya yang dilarang untuk makanan, formalin se-ring digunakan sebagai bahan pengawet mie basah. Chitosan adalah produk samping dari peng-olahan udang dan rajungan yang dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif pengganti formalin.  Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemanfaatan chitosan sebagai pengganti formalin terhadap sifat organoleptik dan masa simpan mie basah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan rancangan post-test only with control group. Dosis formalin dan chitosan yang digunakan masing-masing sebanyak 12, 20 dan 28 ppm. Sebagai panelis untuk uji organoleptik adalah 10 orang mahasiswa Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Yogyakarta. Data yang diolah dengan uji non parametrik Kruskal-Wallis menunjukkan hasil bahwa masa simpan mie basah yang ditambah dengan formalin dan chitosan tidak berbeda secara bermakna (p=0,0962) demikian juga dengan kesukaan panelis terhadap baunya (p=0,731). Adapun untuk warna, teks-tur dan rasa, kesukaan panelis terhadap mie basah yang ditambah dengan formalin dan chito-san berbeda, masing-masing dengan p=0,004; <0,001; dan 0,009. Kepada produsen yang se-lama ini menggunakan formalin, disarankan untuk mulai menggunakan chitosan karena aman untuk konsumen.

   

Kata Kunci : chitosan, formalin, pengawetan makanan, sifat organoleptik

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Penyehatan Makanan Minuman

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 4 Nomor 1 Hal 1- 50, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 13 Desember  2012

PERBEDAAN PENURUNAN ANGKA KUMAN DINDING SETELAH DIDISINFEKSI DENGAN SINAR ULTRAVIOLET DAN PENGKABUTAN DISINFEKTAN “V” DI RUANG PERAWATAN BP4 KOTAGEDE YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2012

Radityasari Nugraningtyas*, Sri Muryani**, Indah Werdiningsih***

 

* JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl.Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, DIY 55293,

email: ai_want_candy@yahoo.com

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

*** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

 

Abstract

 

Patients, visitors, and workers at BP4 Kotagede are at risk of contracting respiratory and lung di-seases. Based on the preliminary survey it was revealed that wall microbe number in nursing exceeded the maximum permitted by the regulation, and so that need to be controlled. Dis-infection is one of the methods. The study was aimed to determine the difference in the reduction of microbe numbers between the use of UV sterilizer and disinfectant ‘V” by conducting an expe-riment which followed pre-test post-test only design. Samples were taken from each wall’s cen-tral point at one meter height of five nursing wards. Samples were taken in seven repetitions by using wall swab method. The results showed that UV disinfection was able to decrease the wall microbe number in average of 47.185 % (p<0,,001). However, since the post-test measurement were still 62,2 CFU/cm2, it was considered that this method had not fulfilled the requisite yet. On the other hand, disinfectant “V” was able reducing the microbe number in average of  93.74 % (p<0,001) and had met the requirement because the post treatment was below the thresholds, i.e.in average of 6.28 CFU/cm2.

 

Keywords : room disinfection, UV sterilizer, fogging disinfection, wall microbe number

 

Intisari

 

Pasien, pengunjung, tenaga kerja yang berada di BP4 Kotagede mempunyai resiko untuk ter-tular penyakit-penyakit saluran pernafasan dan paru. Dari hasil survey pendahuluan diketahui bahwa angka kuman dinding ruang perawatan melebihi batas maksimal yang dipersyaratkan, sehingga perlu dikendalikan, salah satunya dengan disinfeksi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk me-ngetahui perbedaan penurunan angka kuman antara disinfeksi UV sterilizer dan disinfektan “V” dengan melakukan eksperimen menggunakan rancangan pre-test post-test only. Sampel diambil pada titik tengah dinding pada ketinggi satu meter di lima ruang perawatan dengan tujuh kali ulangan menggunakan metoda usap dinding. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa disinfeksi de-ngan sinar ultra violet mampu menurunkan angka kuman dinding sebesar 47,185 % (p<0,001) tetapi angka kuman setelah didisinfeksi rata-rata masih sebesar 62,2 CFU/cm2 sehingga belum memenuhi persyaratan Kepmenkes. Adapun disinfeksi menggunakan disinfektan “V” mampu menurunkan angka kuman dinding ruang perawatan dengan rata-rata 93,74 % (p<0,001) dan angka kuman hasil disinfeksi sebesar 6,28 CFU/cm2 atau telah memenuhi persyaratan.

 

Kata Kunci : disinfeksi ruang, UV sterilizer, disinfeksi pengkabutan, angka kuman dinding

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Penyehatan Udara

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 4 Nomor 1 Hal 1- 50, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 13 Desember  2012

HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP IBU TENTANG PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT (PHBS) DENGAN TINGKAT KEBERSIHAN PENGELOLAAN SARANA SANITASI DI RUMAH SHELTER DUSUN GEMPOL JUMOYO, SALAM, MAGELANG

Putri Dyah Ayu Pratiwi*, Siti Hani Istiqomah**, Lilik Hendrarini***

 

* JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl. Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, DIY 55293,

email: ayoe_poet@yahoo.com

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

*** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

 

Abstract

 

One of the government’s efforts in tackling the problems of cold lava flood victims of post Merapi eruption was building temporary shelter houses or known as huntara. Similar with the common houses, the sanitation facilities of those shelter houses also need maintainance in order to mini-mize the potentiality of disease spreading. Therefore, the objective of the study was to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge and attitude among housewives on healthy and clean living behavior (PHBS) with the cleanliness and the management of sanitation facilities of shelter houses located at Gempol Village of Jumoyo, Salam, Magelang. The study was a cross sectional survey which involved 80 sampled housewives. The data which were analysed by using chi square test, showed that there are significant correlations between above study vari-ables (p-values < 0.001). Based on that results, it is advised for the housewives to raise their efforts in maintaining and treating the shelter houses which they are living in and always to put into practice the healthy and clean living behavior for their family’s daily activities.

   

Keywords : healthy and clean living behavior, shelter house sanitation,

                    housewives’s knowledge and attitude

 

Intisari

 

Salah satu upaya pemerintah dalam menanggulangi permasalahan korban banjir lahar dingin pasca erupsi Merapi adalah dengan membuat rumah shelter atau lebih dikenal sebagai rumah hunian sementara (huntara). Sebagaimana rumah biasa, rumah shelter ini juga harus dipelihara fasilitas sanitasinya untuk meniadakan potensi penyebaran penyakit. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap ibu rumah tangga tentang Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) dengan kebersihan dalam pengelolaan sarana sanitasi di rumah shelter yang berlokasi di Dusun Gempol, Jumoyo, Salam, Magelang. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah survey dengan pendekatan cross sectional yang melibatkan 80 orang sampel ibu. Hasil analisis dengan uji chi square menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap tentang PHBS dengan kebersihan dalam pengelolaan sarana sanitasi (p<0,001). Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, maka disarankan kepada para Ibu rumah tangga agar lebih meningkatkan upaya pemeliharaan dan perawatan terhadap rumah shelter yang mereka huni dan selalu menerapkan PHBS dalam kegiatan keluarga mereka sehari-hari.

   

Kata Kunci : PHBS, sanitasi rumah shelter, pengetahuan dan dikap ibu rumah tangga

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Penyehatan permukiman

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 4 Nomor 1 Hal 1- 50, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :13 Desember  2012

PENGARUH PENYULUHAN KADER SANTRI TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PRAKTIK PENCEGAHAN PENYAKIT KULIT PADA SANTRI DI PONDOK PESANTREN PUTRI “X” YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2012

Nuruz Zahro Al-Jannah*, Narto**, Adib Suyanto***

 

* JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl. Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, DIY 55293,

email: nuruz_zahro@yahoo.com

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

*** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

 

Abstract

 

Skin diseases were the priority among health problems of Girl Moslem Boarding School (Pondok Pesantren Putri) X of Yogyakarta. To solve the problems, supported by the potentiality of the existence of eight santries (students) health cadres, a pre-test post-test with control designed experiment was conducted to understand the influence of health elucidation carried out by the students health cadre on the increasing knowledge, attitide and practice among other girl stu-dents on skin diseases prevention. The treatment and control groups, both were consisted of thirty students. The results showed that students which were counselled by the trained fellow health cadres, their scores of health knowledge, attitude and practice increased higher than those of the control group (P<0,001).  

   

Keywords : pesantren health, santri health cadre, health elucidation

 

Intisari

 

Penyakit kulit merupakan prioritas masalah kesehatan yang ada di Pondok Pesantren Putri X Yogyakarta. Untuk memecahkan masalah tersebut, didukung dengan adanya potensi kader san-tri yang berjumlah delapan orang, maka dilakukan penelitian eksperimen dengan pendekatan pre-test post-test with control design untuk mengetahui pengaruh penyuluhan yang dilakukan oleh kader santri terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap, dan praktik pencegahan penyakit kulit di antara santri. 60 orang santri subyek penelitian dibagi dua menjadi masing-masing 30 orang untuk kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok kontrol. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa santri yang disuluh oleh kader santri yang dilatih, skor peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap dan praktiknya lebih tinggi (p<0,001).

   

Kata Kunci : kesehatan pesantren, kader kesehatan santri, penyuluhan kesehatan

 

 

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Penyehatan permukiman

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 4 Nomor 1 Hal 1- 50, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 31 Desember  2012

PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN MINYAK SELASIH (Ocimum basilicum) SEBAGAI ATRAKTAN PADA KERTAS PEREKAT LALAT TERHADAPJUMLAH LALAT YANG TERTANGKAP

Dwi Afria Widyas Tuti*, Sardjito Eko Windarso**, Siti Hani Istiqomah***

 

* JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl.Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, DIY 55293,

email: dwiafria@rocketmail.com

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

*** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

 

Abstract

The existence of flies in traditional markets may support the spreading of diseases which are caused by this vector insect. One of the controlling methods is to add selasih ((Ocimum basili-cum) oil onto fly adhesive paper. This method is environmentally friendly and specifically only affect the flies target. The study was aimed to understand the influence of the selasih oil towards the number of trapped flies at Telagareja Market of Gamping, by conducting an experiment with post-test only with control group design. The number of trapped flies were analysed statistically by one way anova test. The results showed that the addition of selasih oil as sex attractant in 0,4 ml, 0,5 ml and 0,6 ml could collect flies in average of 20, 30 and 38 respectively. Meanwhile, in the control group, i.e. the common red plastic fly adhesive straw only able to attract 9 flies in ave-rage.

 

Keywords : fly control, Ocimum basilicum oil, sex attractant

 

Intisari

Keberadaan lalat di pasar dapat mendukung penyebaran penyakit yang ditularkan oleh serang-ga vektor tersebut. Salah satu cara yang dapat dilakukan untuk mengendalikannya adalah de-ngan menambahkan minyak selasih (Ocimum basilicum) pada kertas perangkap lalat, karena bersifat ramah lingkungan dan spesifik hanya pada lalat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan minyak selasih terhadap jumlah lalat yang tertangkap di Pasar Telaga-reja Kecamatan Gamping, Sleman, dengan melakukan eksperimen menggunakan post-test only with control group design. Data penghitungan jumlah lalat yang tertangkap dianalisis secara statistik dengan uji one way anava. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan sex at-tractant minyak selasih sebanyak 0,4 ml, 0,5 ml, dan 0,6 ml dapat menangkap lalat dengan rerata sebanyak 20, 30 dan 38 ekor lalat; adapun pada kontrol perangkap berupa sedotan dupa berwarna merah yang biasa dijual di pasaran hanya mampu menangkap lalat sebanyak 9 ekor.

 

Kata Kunci : pengendalian lalat, minyak selasih (Ocimum basilicum), seks atraktan

 

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Pengendalian Vektor

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 4 Nomor 1 Hal 1- 50, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 13 Desember  2012

EFEKTIFITAS VARIASI DOSIS RESIN DALAM MENURUNKAN KESADAHAN AIR SUMUR GALI DI PERUMAHAN GRIYA CITRA ASRI, TEMUWUH KIDUL, BALECATUR, GAMPING, SLEMAN, YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2012

Afifah Nurlaila Desi Wijayanti*, Purwanto**, Mohamad Mirza Fauzie***

 

* JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl. Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, DIY 55293,

email: Afifahnurlailadesiwijayanti@yahoo.co.id

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

*** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, email: mmfauzie@gmail.com

 

Abstract

 

The continuous use of hard water can cause health disorders as well as economic, aesthetic, and technical problems. According to the regulation issued by the Ministry of Health No. 416/ Menkes/Per/IX/1990 about the quality requirements for clean water, the maximum levels per-mitted for water hardness parameter is 500 mg/l. Based on the preliminary study conducted at Griya Citra Asri Housing in Temuwuh Kidul, Balecatur, Gamping, Sleman, it was found that the water hardness of the dug well water had exceeded the threshold, i.e. 753,33 mg/l as CaCO3. This study was aimed to determine the effect of various doses of resin in decreasing the water hardness of the housing’s well water by performing a true experiment with pre-test post-test with control group design and following a simple random sampling method. The results showed that the average reduction of water hardness were 33,61%, 39,80%, 50.,89%, 60,27%, and 74,48% for resin doses of 15 mg/l, 20 mg/l, 25 mg/l, 30 mg/l and 35 mg/l respectively. The one way anova statistical test proved that the difference were significant (p<0,05) and it could be conclud-ed that 20 mg/l was the most effective dose.

   

Keywords : water hardness, resin, dug water well processing

 

Intisari

 

Penggunaan air sadah secara terus-menerus dapat menimbulkan gangguan kesehatan, ekono-mi, estetika, dan teknis. Menurut Permenkes RI No.416/Menkes/Per/IX/1990 tentang Persya-ratan Kualitas Air Bersih, kadar maksimal untuk parameter kesadahan adalah 500 mg/l. Ber-dasarkan hasil survey pendahuluan di Perumahan Griya Citra Asri, Temuwuh Kidul, Balecatur, Gamping, Sleman, diketahui bahwa kadar kesadahan air sumur gali telah melebihi baku mutu yaitu sebesar 753,33 mg/L sebagai CaCO3. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan berbagai variasi dosis resin terhadap penurunan kesadahan air sumur gali di pe-rumahan tersebut dengan melakukan penelitian true experiment dengan desain pre-test post-test with control group dan menggunakan metoda simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata penurunan kesadahan air sumur gali adalah sebesar 33,61%, 39,80%, 50.,89%, 60,27%, dan 74,48% untuk masing-masing dosis resin 15 mg/l, 20 mg/l, 25 mg/l, 30 mg/l dan 35 mg/l. Berdasarkan hasil analisis statistik dengan one way anova dapat disimpulkan bahwa di antara berbagai dosis yang digunakan ada perbedaan penurunan kesadahan yang bermakna (p<0,05) dan dosis yang paling efektif untuk menurunkan kesadahan sesuai ambang batas dipersyaratkan Permenkes terkait adalah 20 mg/l.

   

Kata Kunci : kesadahan, resin, pengolahan air sumur gali

 

 

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Subject    : Penyehatan Air

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Volume 4 Nomor 1 Hal 1- 50, Yogyakarta

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on : 13 Desember  2012

RASTTLE (beRAS-Tempe-Tolo-LEle) Meningkatkan Berat Badan Balita Kurang Gizi

Agus Wijanarka*)

Abstract

A.Background

Babies mortality rate in Indonesia is higher than other countries in ASEAN. Based on Human Development Report in 2010 showed 31 deaths per 1000 live births. This rate was 5.1 times higher than Malaysia, whereas MDGs target in 2015 is 23 per 1000 life births (1). Babies and children at under five mortality rates  is still high because of some other health  problems,i.e. children at under five with less nutrition  like less nutrition and malnutrition children. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) in 2010 showed the prevalence of children at under five with less and  nutrition malnutrition children in Indonesia were 17.9% and 6.65%(2).

Children at under five with less nutrition will affect and risk failure of physical growth,  growth and intellegence syndrome, productivity decline, body immunity decline (3). It caused lost generation, that is the lost of qualified human resources in the future (4). World Helath Organization (WHO) estimated that 54% of babies mortality was caused by malnutrition.

Causing  factors of less nutrition problem includes insufficiently nutrients intake and infectious diseases, whereas the the indirect causes are food supply in a family, health services, and babies and mother care (5). The government has some efforts to overcome less nutrition in children at under five, i.e. handling children with less nutrition at posyandu by giving additional feeding. The result of this study  was not optimal actually since there was no family awareness and dependency of the family toward additional feeding (6).

Alternative way to handle less nutrition problem is through nutrients intake  improvement, i.e. developing nutritious, cheap, and easyly made food (7). The menu was made by utilizing local food, that is food produced and developed accordance  with the potential and area resources, also native culture (8). Local food that can be utilized are cerelia, beans, and animal food. The created menu named nutritious formula (9).

B. Method

  1. Conducting  theoretical and field examination about the usage of local food for producing nutritious formula  for children at under five with less nutrition, viewed from nutrients content, supply and the ease in the producing process. Complete Information in Book 1.
  2. Conducting laboratory experiments to gain the exact formula in making nutritious formula made of local food to overcome cases of children at under five with less nutrition. Complete Information in Book 2.
  3. Conducting a research of RASTTLE snacks influence against acceptability, improvement of weight of children at under five with less nutrition, information on the ease of the producing process, cost and benefit of producing RASTTLE snacks. Complete Information in Book 3.
  4. Socializing the result of the research by creating practical guidance about RASSTLE making process and nutritious snacks made of RASTTLE in the form of books, VCD, sites in internet. Complete Information in Book 4.

 

C. Results of The Study

  1. Result of The Examination: local food, i.e. rice, beans, catfish have high quality nutrition, easily obtained, cheap, easy in processing. Local food, i.e. rice, beans, and catfish can be the basic materials for making nutritions formula. The producing of easy, cheap nutritious formula and able to be made by children at under five’s mother, will reduce the dependency on additional feeding or manufactured mush.
  2. Result of Laboratory Experiment: the highest nutrients contents was mixture of rice 50%, tempe 10%, beans 20%, catfish 5%, and sugar 15% called RASTTLE Formula.
  3. Result of The Study: children at under five with less nutrition’s acceptance to RASTTLE snacks was cake and timus. Average increase of children at under five’s weight was higher in group with RASTTLE. 90% of mothers stated that RASTTLE was easily home-made and posyandu.
  4. Analysis of cost and benefit showed that RASTTLE was cheap and high nutritious.

 

D.Recomendation

  1. Mother of children at under five are encouraged to provide RASTTE  snacks in there daily menu so that can increase the weight children at under five with less nutrition.
  2. People are encouraged to use RASTTLE snacks to make additional feeding for councoling in posyandu activities.
  3. Puskesmas recommended to use RASTTLE snacks as an alternative food in order to provide additional feeding supply to under five with less nutrition.
  4. In order to socialize and encouraged mother need to arranged practical guidance for making RASTTLE snacks.

 

Key word: children at under five, weight, less nutrition, nutrition formula

Agus Wijanarka*) Dosen pada Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta.

e-mail: (agusw_jogja@yahoo.co.id)

Item type         : Jurnal Ilmiah

Bibliografi        : Stand alone

Subject             : Teknologi Pangan

Deposted by    : Admin Jurusan Gizi

Deposted on   : 6 Desember 2012

Hubungan Antara Asupan Vitamin C dengan Kejadian Anemia Pada Calon Temanten Wanita di Kabupaten Bantul

Nur Hidayat*)

 ABSTRACT

Background: one of nutritional diseases was anemia. 26,4% adolescent in Indonesia having anemia. On fertile age, women were going to prepare her for marriage. Lacking of nutrition (iron, protein, vitamin C) and lacking of iron absorb were the factor causing anemia. If the woman marriages suffer of anemia, she could be having unhealthy birth.

 

Objective: This study was observational with cross sectional design. The subjects were women that will be marriage in Bantul. Data collected were intake of vitamin C and hemoglobin concentration. Data analysis by using Chi-square test with 95% confidence level.

Result: Prevalence of anemia were 26% and vitamin C intake deficiency were 38,9% on women that will be marriage in Bantul. There was no significant association between vitamin C intake with anemia status on women that will be marriage in Bantul.

Conclusion: There was no significant association between vitamin C intake with anemia status on women that will be marriage in Bantul.

Key words: anemia, vitamin C intake, pre marriage women.

Dosen pada Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta: Nur Hidayat*)

Item type         : Jurnal Ilmiah

Bibliografi      : Jurnal NUTRISIA, Vol. 15 No. 2, September 2012, ISSN 1693-945X

Subject            : Gizi Klinik

Deposted by    : Admin Jurusan Gizi

Deposted on   : 4 Desember 2012

PENGARUH PROGRAM KELOMPOK PENDUKUNG (KP) IBU TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN PRAKTEK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF

Joko Susilo 1), Weni Kurdanti 2),Tri Siswati 3)

 ABSTRACT

Breastfeeding practice in Indonesia was still severe, people still consider that breastfeeding was only a matter of mother and their babies. Mother supporting group  was applied to enhance the knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding, and also accommodate health workers to have a technical mentoring which eventually will increase the range of exclusive mother’s milk. This research was to identify the effectiveness of Mother supporting group program toward exclusive breastfeeding practice. This research was an observational study with cohort design. The research was conducted on July-December 2011, in Public Health Center Kasihan II, Bantul Regency. The sampling was determined by using purposive sampling, with requirements; babies of 3-4 months, breastfed only, live at area of Public Health Center Kasihan II, and willing to join the training. Whereas, the exclusion criteria was mothers with chronic disease which was disturbing breastfeeding practice and also doing breastfeeding for more than a baby (twins). The amount of each subject group  was 35 persons, by conducting matching method for age. Placement into Mother supporting group and Non Mother supporting group was randomly applied. The data was analysed by using t-test and chi square. Mother supporting group treatment was conducted to breastfeeding knowledge for the low-educated respondents, unemployment (housewives), and Early Initiation breasfeeding. No significant effects (p>0.05) on high-educated respondents, employment, and babies without Early Initiation breasfeeding. Significant effects (p<0.05), Mother supporting group treatment to breastfeeding practice for high-educated respondents, unemployment (housewives), and Early Initiation breasfeeding. There were no insignificant effects (p>0.05) for low-educated respondents, employment (not only becoming housewive), and babies without Early Initiation breasfeeding.

Key words : knowledge, practice, early Initiation breasfeeding, Mother supporting group.

Dosen pada Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta: Joko Susilo 1), Weni Kurdanti 2),Tri Siswati 3)

Item type         : Jurnal Ilmiah

Bibliografi       : Jurnal NUTRISIA, Vol. 15 No. 2, September 2012, ISSN 1693-945X

Subject            : Gizi Masyarakat

Deposted by    : Admin Jurusan Gizi

Deposted on   : 4 Desember 2012