HUBUNGAN ASUPAN FE, INHIBITOR FE DAN ANTIOKSIDAN DENGAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PASIEN KANKER YANG KEMOTERAPI

 

Reggy Ega Permana1, Supartuti2, Isti Suryani3

ABSTRACT

Background : Cancer is one of non-communicable diseases are a public health problem, both globally and in Indonesia. Over recent years, the understanding of the importance of treatment of anemia in cancer patients changing dramatically. Hemoglobin is essential in determined the quality of life of cancer patients who do chemotherapy. Anemia caused by lack of nutrients that play a role in the formation of hemoglobin, either because of lack of intake or because of absorption disorders. One of the nutrients in question are iron (Fe), which acts as a catalyst in the synthesis of heme in the hemoglobin molecule. In addition to iron deficiency, other causes of anemia is a disorder of iron absorption by the body as a result of iron inhibitors (such as tannins, phytic acid, oxalic acid and calcium).

Objective : To know the relationship between iron intake, iron inhibitors (tannins, phytic acid, oxalic acid, and calcium) and antioxidants (vitamin A and vitamin C) with hemoglobin levels in cancer patients with chemotherapy in IRNA I RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta.

Method : Observational research with cross sectional design. The research was conducted in IRNA I RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta in May 2012. There are 40 cancer patiens who do chemotherapy researched as sampel. The data researched include iron intake, iron inhibitors, antioxidants, and hemoglobin levels. Nutrient intake data were collected by interview method using a sheet of semi-quantitative food frequency (FFQ) and analyzed by nutri2008 and FP2. While the data of hemoglobin levels obtained from subject’s medical records. Statistical analysis using Pearson Correlation statistical test to determine the relationship food intake and hemoglobin levels.

Result : Most of the subjects doing the chemotherapy phase I (37,5%), had a good iron intake (50%), tannin intake is below the average (60%), phytic acid intake above and below average respectively 50%, oxalic acid intake is below the average (52.5%), poor calcium intake (62.5%), good intake of vitamin A (100%), good intake of vitamin C (72.5%), most subject had hemoglobin levels ≥ 10 g / dl (72.5%).

Conclusion : There was no relationship between iron intake, iron inhibitors and antioxidants with hemoglobin levels in cancer patients with chemotherapy in IRNA I RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta.

Keywords  : Iron intake, Iron inhibitor, Antioxidants, Hemoglobin Levels, Cancer Patients, Chemotherapy

Alumni pada Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta: Reggy Ega Permana1

Dosen pada Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta: Supartuti2, Isti Suryani3

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Bibliografi : Jurnal NUTRISIA, Volume 15 Nomor 1, Maret 2013, ISSN 1693-945X

Subject : Gizi Klinik

Deposted by : Admin Jurusan Gizi

Deposted on : 31 Juli 2013

Sekretariat : Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

Jl. Tata Bumi No.3 Banyuraden,Gamping, Sleman,

Yogyakarta 55293, Telp/fax 0274 617679

e-mail: jurnalnutrisia@yahoo.ac.id

HUBUNGAN STATUS KECACINGAN DENGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA

Susanti Puji Nugraheni1. Idi Setyobroto2. Noor Tifauzah3

ABSTRACT

Background: Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  is a horde of health disruption because of ‘worm parasite’ in body. Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  is a specific disease in tropical and sup-tropical area. It’s terrible for families that have Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis. This disease commonly attack children, because theirs body immunity have’nt been strong enough.

Research Purpose: To know about relation between Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  with nutrition status at Puskesmas Mantrijeron

Research Method: The research is done at Puskesmas Mantrijeron using study cross sectional. 35 children become the subject of research. The variable that is researched include status of Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  at children under five’ and status of children under five nutrition (weigth for height). For hypothesis testing, we used chi square and odds ratio.

Result: 51.4% children under five had normally nutrition status and 48.6% children under five had thin nutrition status. 18 children under five got Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  and 17 not. From 18 children under five who got Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  12 of it had thin thin nutrition status and 6 were normal. From 17 children under five who not got Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  5 of it had thin thin nutrition status and 12 were normal. Accident rate of Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  in children under five with thin nutrition status at Puskesmas Mantrijeron was 66,7%. There is relation between Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  with nutrition children under five.

Conclusion: There is a relation between Ancylostomiasis and Ascariasis  with nutrition status in children under five

Keyword: Wormy disease status, Nutrition status in children under five

Alumni pada Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta: Susanti Puji Nugraheni1

Dosen pada Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta: Idi Setyobroto2. Noor Tifauzah3

Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah

Bibliografi : Jurnal NUTRISIA, Volume 15 Nomor 1, Maret 2013, ISSN 1693-945X

Subject : Gizi Klinik

Deposted by : Admin Jurusan Gizi

Deposted on : 31 Juli 2013

Sekretariat : Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

Jl. Tata Bumi No.3 Banyuraden,Gamping, Sleman,

Yogyakarta 55293, Telp/fax 0274 617679

e-mail: jurnalnutrisia@yahoo.ac.id