Reggy Ega Permana1, Supartuti2, Isti Suryani3
Background : Cancer is one of non-communicable diseases are a public health problem, both globally and in Indonesia. Over recent years, the understanding of the importance of treatment of anemia in cancer patients changing dramatically. Hemoglobin is essential in determined the quality of life of cancer patients who do chemotherapy. Anemia caused by lack of nutrients that play a role in the formation of hemoglobin, either because of lack of intake or because of absorption disorders. One of the nutrients in question are iron (Fe), which acts as a catalyst in the synthesis of heme in the hemoglobin molecule. In addition to iron deficiency, other causes of anemia is a disorder of iron absorption by the body as a result of iron inhibitors (such as tannins, phytic acid, oxalic acid and calcium).
Objective : To know the relationship between iron intake, iron inhibitors (tannins, phytic acid, oxalic acid, and calcium) and antioxidants (vitamin A and vitamin C) with hemoglobin levels in cancer patients with chemotherapy in IRNA I RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta.
Method : Observational research with cross sectional design. The research was conducted in IRNA I RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta in May 2012. There are 40 cancer patiens who do chemotherapy researched as sampel. The data researched include iron intake, iron inhibitors, antioxidants, and hemoglobin levels. Nutrient intake data were collected by interview method using a sheet of semi-quantitative food frequency (FFQ) and analyzed by nutri2008 and FP2. While the data of hemoglobin levels obtained from subject’s medical records. Statistical analysis using Pearson Correlation statistical test to determine the relationship food intake and hemoglobin levels.
Result : Most of the subjects doing the chemotherapy phase I (37,5%), had a good iron intake (50%), tannin intake is below the average (60%), phytic acid intake above and below average respectively 50%, oxalic acid intake is below the average (52.5%), poor calcium intake (62.5%), good intake of vitamin A (100%), good intake of vitamin C (72.5%), most subject had hemoglobin levels ≥ 10 g / dl (72.5%).
Conclusion : There was no relationship between iron intake, iron inhibitors and antioxidants with hemoglobin levels in cancer patients with chemotherapy in IRNA I RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta.
Keywords : Iron intake, Iron inhibitor, Antioxidants, Hemoglobin Levels, Cancer Patients, Chemotherapy
Alumni pada Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta: Reggy Ega Permana1
Dosen pada Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta: Supartuti2, Isti Suryani3
Item type : Jurnal Ilmiah
Bibliografi : Jurnal NUTRISIA, Volume 15 Nomor 1, Maret 2013, ISSN 1693-945X
Subject : Gizi Klinik
Deposted by : Admin Jurusan Gizi
Deposted on : 31 Juli 2013
Sekretariat : Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta
Jl. Tata Bumi No.3 Banyuraden,Gamping, Sleman,
Yogyakarta 55293, Telp/fax 0274 617679