HARGA DIRI DAN DEPRESI : SEBUAH META-ANALISIS

   

Jenita DT Donsu

 ABSTRACT

            The result of meta-analysis on 22 study from 6.039 subjects show that self-esteem is positively correlated to depression (r= 0,204). This result can indicate that hypothesis expressing there is correlation between self-esteem and depression can be accepted. The difference in variance correlation can among other, because by sampling error (33,33%) and error in measurement of independen and dependent variables (10,83%). Individual which is depression trust that he over a barrel and do not have self-esteem and also strengthto repair situation. Appearance of negative cognition to individual which marked with self-confidence appearance that worthless self, unable to and do not be expected by hence this situation will make worse depression.

Key words : Self-esteem, depression, meta-analysis

Bibliografi : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.6, No.2, September 2010

Posted by : admin Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Posted on : 17 Nopember 2014

Text lengkap : Naskah lengkap HARGA DIRI DAN DEPRESI

FIVE FINGERS ON THE EFFECT OF HYPNOSIS ANXIETY REDUCTION IN BREAST CANCER PATIENTS

Jenita D.T. Donsu, Rosa D. Ekwantini, Sri Arini Rinawati

Abstract

 Prevalence of breast cancer gradually increase in Indonesian. Breast  cancer was the second cancer among cancer woman in Indonesian. Prevalence of breast cancer in Indonesia was 18.6 each 100.000 woman (YKI, 2006). Breast cancer leading anxiety in woman who suffer from it. To study percentage of anxiety among woman who suffer from breast cancer, influence of “five finger hypnotic” to reducing anxiety in woman suffer from breast cancer. A quasi experiment with pre test-post test one group design without control group study to obtain 30 early stage breast cancer woman on admission. Presence of anxiety, grade of anxiety were assessed before and after five finger hypnotic treatment for 10–15 minutes. From 30 enrolled early stage breast cancer woman were 17 woman (56.7%) have light anxiety, 13 woman (43,3%) have mild anxiety and none have severe anxiety. Five finger hypnotic treatment reduced 13 woman from mild anxiety to light anxiety and 17 woman constant Wilcoxon rank test 0,001. light anxiety (56,7%) and mild anxiety (43,3%) were presence in breast cancer woman, five fingers hypnotic treatment reduced  mild anxiety to light anxiety in breast cancer woman.

Key words : anxiety, breast cancer, five fingers hypnotic

Text lengkap : five fingers

HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI ORANG TUA PADA ANAK PRE OPERASI DENGAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN DI RUANG IBNU SHINA RS PKU. MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA

 

Yustati, Jenita Donsu, Nunuk Sri Purwanti

Abstract

Background: Children with surgery case in general will result in anxiety for parent. Most parent perceive every surgery treatment, regardless its complexity, as a great event and they react by anxiety and afraid in certain degree.
Objective: This research had objective to identify association of parent’s perception to pre-surgery child and anxiety level in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital Yogyakarta
Method: Non experiment with explanation research used two variables (parent perception on surgery treatment as independent variable and level of parent anxiety to pre surgery child patient as dependent variable). Population was parent of pre surgery child patient in Ibnu Shina room is opname in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital Yogyakarta from 16 April – 15 June 2008 with total of 42 people. Sample was taken with purposive sampling method so 30 respondent can be got . Data collection used questionnaire modified by Winarni. Data processing used Microsoft Excel 2003 and SPSS R. 16 with product moment correlation.
Result: Correlation test between parent perception to pre surgery child and anxiety level indicated r=0.388 and p=0.034, so there was low association between both variables
Conclusion: There is low association between parent perception to pre surgery child and anxiety level. Parent perception to surgery procedure had weak association with anxiety. However, there is no association between perception of parent of pre-surgery child on hospital environment and anxiety.

Keywords: Perception, anxiety, parent of pre-surgery child

Bibliografi : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.5, No.3, November 2009

Posted by : admin Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Posted on : 17 Nopember 2014

Text lengkapBahan Jurnal Hubungan persepsi orangtua pada anak preoperasi dgn tingkat kecemasan 

HUBUNGAN KADAR DEBU LINGKUNGAN KERJA, MASA KERJA DAN PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI DENGAN GEJALA SUBYEKTIF PNEUMOKONIOSIS PADA PEKERJA INDUSTRI BATU BATA DI DESA SITIMULYO, PIYUNGAN, BANTUL

Okvendri Abrihari*, Agus Suwarni**, Sigid Sudaryanto**

 

* JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl. Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, DIY 55293

email: okvendriabrihari@gmail.com

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

 

Abstract

 

One of negative impacts from industrial activity is pollution, such as the air one caused by indus-trial processing dust. The dust pollution particle if inhalated into respiratory tract can cause occu-pational diseases, i.e. pneumoconiosis, for the affected workers. The objective of the study was to determine the relationship betwen workplace dust levels, period of employment and the wear-ing of personal protective equipment, and subjective symptoms of pneumoconiosis among brick-making industry workers in Sitimulyo Village of Piyungan, Bantul, by conducting a cross sectional approached survey. There were 42 worker respondents from 10 brick industries who were inter-viewed for obtaining the data of employment period and symptoms of pneumoconiosis, and were also observed for gaining information about masker wearing, while the dust concentration were measured by using Staplex HVAS instrument. The results showed that half of the industries were exposed by dust level, higher than the threshold limit value; 61,90 % of the workers were aged more than 20 years old; 38,10 % of the workers did not wear mask; and 59,52 % of the workers were experiencing the subjective symptoms of the disease. Statistical analysis by using spear-man correlation test at 95 % degree of confidence, found that factors which were correlated with pneumoconiosis was period of employment (p = 0,008) and wearing mask (p = 0,010). However, workplace dust level was not found to be related with the disease (p = 0,097). It is advised for the workers to highly aware in wearing mask habitually as one of the preventive measures.

    

Keywords : dust level, employment period, personal protective equipment,  pneumoconiosis

 

Intisari

 

Salah satu dampak negatif dari kegiatan industri adalah timbulnya pencemaran, salah satunya berupa pencemaran udara oleh debu hasil kegiatan industri. Partikel penyebab pencemaran de-bu apabila masuk ke dalam saluran pernapasan dapat menimbulkan penyakit akibat kerja bagi penderitanya, seperti pneumokoniosis. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kadar debu lingkungan kerja, masa kerja dan penggunaan alat pelindung diri, dengan ge-jala subyektif pneumokoniosis bagi pekerja industri batubata yang ada di Desa Sitimulyo, Piyu-ngan, Bantul, dengan melakukan penelitian survei dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Ada 42 orang pekerja responden yang berasal dari 10 industri pembuatan batu bata di Desa tersebut yang diwawancara untuk mendapatkan data mengenai masa kerja dan gejala pneumokoniosis, serta diamati untuk mengetahui perilaku pemakaian masker. Adapun untuk kadar debu, peng-ukurannya menggunakan instrumen Staplex HVAS. Data hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa separuh dari industri batubata terpapar oleh kadar debu di atas NAB; 61,90 % pekerja berusia di atas 20 tahun; 38,10 % pekerja tidak menggunakan masker; dan 59,52 % pekerja mengalami gejala subyektif dari pneumokoniosis. Hasil uji korelasi spearman pada derajat kepercayaan 95 %, menemukan bahwa faktor yang berhubungan dengan gejala subyektif penyakit ini adalah masa kerja (p = 0,008) dan penggunaan masker (p = 0,010). Adapun kadar debu di lingkungan kerja ternyata tidak berhubungan (p = 0,097). Kepada pekerja disarankan agar memiliki kesadar-an tinggi untuk terbiasa memakai masker sebagai salah satu upaya perlindungan.   

   

Kata Kunci : kadar debu, masa kerja, alat pelindung diri, pneumokoniosis

Subject    :  Pencemaran Udara

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, Vol.5, No.3, Februari, Hal 109– 115

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :  8 Oktober 2014

PENGARUH HYPNOBREASTFEEDING TERHADAP KECEMASAN DAN WAKTU PENGELUARAN AIR SUSU IBU PADA IBU POST PARTUM PRIMIPARA DI YOGYAKARTA

Yuni Kusmiyati, Heni Puji Wahyuningsih

ABSTRACT

Stress, anxiety and distress of mother can inhibit breast milk production. 80% mothers failure in breastfeeding are caused by psychological factors. Hypnobreastfeeding is a way to encourage breastfeeding mindset so mother can give and produce breast milk. The objective of this study is to know the effect of hypnobreastfeeding towards anxiety and the length of giving breast milk on primipara. This study was quasy experimental design, on 2013. Samples were all primipara postpartum mothers, with criterian: healthy spiritual (have no mental disorders), able to communicate, and breast didn’t produce milk yet, while died born baby as exclude. The independent variable was hypnobreastfeeding while the dependent variables were anxiety and the length of giving breast milk. Hypnobreastfeeding conducted with giving positive affi rmation and listening the song, anxiety used HRS-A (Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety) questionairre which consist of 14 groups of symptoms. Length of giving breast milk was collected by interview, it measured since baby born to the breast milk produced. Data was analyzed using paired t – test and independent samples used t-test, linear regression and ANOVA. The result shows that anxiety mean scores of the respondents in the pre-test of treatment group: 8.44, post-test: 1.41, while in the pre-test control group: 8.7, post-test: 9.44 . There’s differences on mean score pre and post test on treatment group (p=0.00) and there’s no differences mean score pre and post test on control group (p= 0.086). There’s hypnobreastfeeding effect on maternal anxiety (p = 0.00). The average length of giving breast milk 13.07 hours in the treatment group while the control group is 18.43 hours . There is the effect of anxiety with the length of giving breast milk(p= 0.005). There’s hypnobreastfeeding effect on the length of breast milk exclusion (p= 0.004).

Keywords : Hypnobreastfeeding , anxiety , time of breast milk exclusion.

 ABSTRAK

Perasaan stress, cemas dan tertekan yang dialami seorang ibu dapat menghambat produksi Air Susu Ibu (ASI). Kegagalan ibu menyusui dalam memberikan ASI, 80% disebabkan faktor psikologis. Hypnobreastfeeding adalah cara untuk mendorong pola piker dalam menyusui yang tepat sehingga dapat memperlancar pengeluaran ASI. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh hypnobreastfeeding terhadap kecemasan dan lama pengeluaran ASI pada ibu post partum primipara. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasy experimental design. Sampel adalah semua ibu nifas primipara hari ke-0 yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi sehat rohani (tidak mengalami kelainan jiwa), mampu diajak berkomunikasi, ASI belum keluar, dan kriteria ekslusinya bayi lahir mati. Variabel bebas yang diteliti adalah hipnobreastfeeding, sedangkan variabel terikatnya kecemasan dan lama pengeluaran ASI. Hipnobreastfeeding dilakukan dengan memberi afi rmasi positif diiringi lagu dari CD, kecemasan menggunakan kuesioner HRS-A (Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety) yang terdiri atas 14 kelompok gejala. Lama pengeluaran ASI diobservasi dan berdasarkan wawancara dengan ibu, diukur sejak bayi lahir sampai keluarnya ASI. Data dianalisis menggunakan paired t-test, independen sampel t-test, regresi linier dan Anova. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata skor kecemasan responden pada kelompok perlakuan pre-test: 8,44 post-test: 1,41, sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol pre-test: 8,7 post-test: 9,44. Ada perbedaan rata-rata skor pre dan post test pada kelompok perlakuan (p-value=0,00), dan tidak ada perbedaan rata-rata skor pre dan post test pada kelompok control (p-value=0,086). Ada pengaruh hypnobreastfeeding terhadap kecemasan ibu (p-value=0,00). Rata-rata lama pengeluaran ASI pada kelompok perlakuan 13,07 jam, sedang pada kelompok kontrol 18,43 jam. Ada pengaruh kecemasan dengan lama pengeluaran ASI (p-value=0,005). Ada pengaruh hypnobreastfeeding terhadap lama pengeluaran ASI (p-value=0,004). Kesimpulannya adalah ada pengaruh hypnobreastfeeding terhadap kecemasan dan lama pengeluaran ASI.

Kata kunci: Hypnobreastfeeding, kecemasan, waktu pengeluaran Air Susu Ibu

 

Type : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Bibliografi :  Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.12, No.2, November 2014

Posted by : admin jurnal

Posted on :  3 Nopember 2014

PENGARUH MOBILISASI DINI TERHADAP INVOLUSI UTERI PADA IBU POST SEKSIO SESAREA DI RUMAH SAKIT PKU MUHAMMADIYAH BANTUL YOGYAKARTA

Tri Maryani, Sabar Santoso

ABSTRACT

Section case in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital Bantul occupies a high rate, in 2011 is 261 cases (388 spontaneous labor), section labor is 308, spontaneous 451 in 2012 and until September 2013 there are 167 section cases and spontaneous 283. The high rate of section number is not only because of medical indications but cause of social factors. Mother do not do early mobilization, cause of pain after section and anesthetic effect disappears. This study is to know the effect of early mobilization of the maternal uterine involution post cesarean section at PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in 2013. This study was quasi-experimental with posttest only control group design in postpartum room of PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital from August  to October 2013. The study population was the entire post-cesarean maternal of PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in 2013, with purposive sampling conducted 22 treatment samples and 22 control samples. Data analysis with independent sample t-test. The result shows that average of high of fundus uteri at 6 hours post-cesarean section is 15.34 cm, then increased at 12 hours to 15.48 cm, at the 1st and 3th arre 15.80 cm to 13.91 cm. There are signifi cant differences in the average of high of fundus uteri  period of 6 hours, 12 hours, 1st and 3th post caesarean section and control group.

Keywords : early mobilization, post caesarean section, uterine involution.

ABSTRAK

Mobilisasi dapat mencegah terjadinya komplikasi pasca seksio sesarea. Angka kejadian seksio sesarea di Indonesia Tahun 2010 sebesar 15,3%. Kasus Seksio di RS PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul menempati angka yang tinggi, yaitu pada tahun 2011 sebesar 261 kasus (persalinan spontan 388), persalinan seksio 308, spontan 451 pada tahun 2012 dan sampai dengan bulan September 2013 kasus seksio 167, spontan 283. Tingginya angka seksio ini tidak hanya karena indikasi medis tetapi karena faktor sosial. Ibu post seksio enggan melakukan mobilisasi dini karena takut jahitan membuka dan nyeri setelah efek anestesi menghilang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh mobilisasi dini terhadap involusi uteri pada ibu post seksio sesarea di RS PKU Muhammadiyah. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian quasi eksperimen, pendekatan post test only control group design di ruang nifas RS PKU Muhammadiyah. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh ibu post seksio sesarea di RS PKU Muhammadiyah pada tahun 2013, dengan purposive sampling didapatkan sampel perlakuan dan kontrol masing-masing 22 responden. Analisis data dilakukan dengan independent sample t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keseluruhan rata-rata TFU responden pada 6 jam post seksio sesarea yaitu sebesar 15,34 cm, kemudian meningkat pada 12 jam menjadi 15,48 cm dan hari ke-1, hari ke-3 TFU 15,80 cm menjadi 13,91 cm. Ada perbedaan yang signifi kan (pvalue>0.05) rata-rata TFU periode 6 jam, 12 jam, hari ke-1 dan hari ke-3 antara kelompok perlakuan dengan kelompok kontrol.

Kata Kunci: Mobilisasi dini, post seksio sesarea, involusi uterus

 

Type : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Bibliografi :  Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.12, No.2, November 2014

Posted by : admin jurnal

Posted on :  3 Nopember 2014

PERILAKU IBU DAN DUKUNGAN ORANG TUA DALAM PENCAPAIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS GONDOKUSUMAN I YOGYAKARTA

Thorifah Zatu Sabila, Waryana, Tri Siswati

ABSTRACT

The coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Yogyakarta is still low, about 46.37%. However, the exclusive breastfeeding in Gondokusuman I Public Health Center is high, 80.23%. There are some factors which affect the exclusive breastfeeding including parent’s support. This research aimed to fi nd out the mothers’ behavior and parents support in achieving exclusive breastfeeding in Gondokusuman I Public Health Center. This research was a qualitative research based on phenomenological approach. The research was done on May-July 2014. The informants of the research were determined by purposive sampling, they were mothers

who managed to give breastfeeding exclusively, their parents and husbands. The informants were 11 persons. Data was collected by in-depth interview and documentation. The steps of data analysis were transcript, reduction, categorization and synthesis. Data validity was obtained by triangulation of sources. The result shows that some of mothers did IMD. Mothers breastfed on infants demand, about 2-3 hours and given dairy breast milk when go to work. In public places, mothers breastfed their babies in the lactation room or at an open cozy place by covering their breasts with a cloth. Mothers increased the breast milk supply by consuming more nutritious food, green vegetables, traditional medicine such as uyup uyup, taking some vitamins, drinking plenty of water and managing the condition of fatigue or stress. When mothers were sick, breastfeeding were still given while mothers were taking medicine carefully or as suggested by the doctors. Not all parents support exclusive breastfeeding because of their old belief. Parents supports during the exclusive  breastfeeding are giving special food to increase the breast milk supply such as

katuk leaves and traditional medicine, reminding for breastfeeding, giving motivation,  encouraging mothers to buy vitamins, giving traditional medical treatment and helping household chores. The behavior of the mothers to give the exclusive breastfeeding is correct because it must be done by the mothers every day. Most of the parents have supported the exclusive breastfeeding by taking care of the infants and giving attention to mothers to breastfeed exclusively.

Keywords: exclusive breasfeeding, mother’s behavior, parents support

ABSTRAK

Cakupan ASI eksklusif di Kota Yogyakarta masih rendah yaitu 46,37%, namun cakupan ASI eksklusif di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Gondokusuman I tinggi yaitu 80,23%. Beberapa faktor mungkin mempengaruhi cakupan ASI eksklusif termasuk dukungan orang tua. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perilaku ibu dan dukungan orang tua dalam pencapaian ASI eksklusif di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Gondokusuman I. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif berdasarkan pendekatan fenomenologis pada bulan Mei–Juli tahun 2014. Informan ditentukan dengan purposive sampling yaitu ibu yang berhasil memberikan ASI eksklusif, orang tua dan suami. Jumlah informan masing-masing yaitu 11 orang. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan dengan tahap transkrip, reduksi data, kategorisasi dan sintesis. Validitas data diperoleh dengan cara triangulasi sumber. Hasil menunjukkan sebagian ibu melakukan IMD, ibu menyusui secara on demand atau setiap 2-3 jam dan ketika ibu pergi/bekerja ASI tetap diberikan dengan meninggalkan ASI perah. Saat berada di tempat umum ibu menyusui di ruang laktasi, tempat yang nyaman serta mengenakan kain untuk menutup payudara. Usaha ibu untuk meningkatkan produksi ASI dengan mengkonsumsi porsi makanan lebih banyak, sayuran hijau, jamu uyup-uyup, vitamin pelancar ASI, banyak minum air putih dan mengelola kondisi kelelahan serta stres. Saat ibu sakit mengkonsumsi obat sesuai rekomendasi dokter. Belum semua orang tua mendukung pemberian ASI eksklusif. Dukungan orang tua saat pelaksanaan ASI eksklusif adalah dengan memberikan makanan bergizi seperti daun katuk dan jamu, mengingatkan ibu untuk menyusui, memberikan motivasi pada ibu, berobat tradisional dan membantu pekerjaan rumah tangga. Perilaku ibu untuk mencapai ASI eksklusif sudah tepat karena pemberian ASI tetap terjamin pada setiap aktivitas ibu sehari-hari. Sebagian besar orang tua telah memberikan dukungan nyata dengan terlibat dalam pengasuhan anak dan memberikan berbagai macam perhatian pada ibu agar dapat menyusui secara eksklusif.

Kata kunci : ASI eksklusif, perilaku ibu, dukungan orang tua

 

Type : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Bibliografi :  Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.12, No.2, November 2014

Posted by : admin jurnal

Posted on :  3 Nopember 2014

PENGARUH TANAMAN DENGAN BERRBAGAI PERMUKAAN DAN JENIS DAUN TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR PB (PLUMBUM), CO (CARBON MONOKSIDA) DAN HC (HIDRO KARBON) UDARA

Sri Muryani, Agus Suwarni, Abdul Hadi Kadarusno

 ABSTRACT

The results of ambient air quality monitoring in the city of Yogyakarta in April 2010 show thatHydro Carbon (HC) in 11 point, and dust particles 3 point of 19 points has exceeded the quality standard HC 199.5 μg/m3, while the quality standard of 160 μg/m3, and dust particles 168-191 μg/m3 quality standards 150 μg/m3. One effort to reduce air pollutants in a way that is inexpensive, easy, and effi cient is the use of plants. In our society many plants fi nd with different leaf types and differences exist smooth surface there are no roughhaired, broad-leaved and narrow-leaved also. The study is to determine the effect on the leaf surface and the type of plants to decline Plumbum (Pb), Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Hydro Carbon (HC) on air’s quality. This was quasy experimental with pre-post test control group design, in Engineering Laboratory of Environmental Health Department of Yogyakarta Health Polytechnic on August to November 2013. The objects of this study were 4 types of plant; the are wide and hairy leaves (Dewa/Gynura varicate), narrow and hairy leaves (Phillostachys sulphrurea), width and a smooth leaves (Lily/Spathiphyllum), narrow and smooth leaves (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens). Independent variable of this tudy was variation of plant surface while dependent variable was reduction of air pollutant (Pb, CO and HC).

The result shows that Lily (width and a smooth leaves) is the most effective in reducing the level of Pb, CO and HC thanothers. People can keep this plant (lily) inside or outside the room to prevent and control the air pollutant.

Keywords: leave, air pollutant, Pb, CO, HC

 ABSTRAK

Hasil pemantauan kualitas udara ambient di kota Yogyakarta oleh BAPEDALDA DIY bulan April 2010 menunjukkan bahwa nilai parameter Hidro Karbon (HC) di 11 titik dan partikel debu di 3 titikdari 19 titik yang dipantau telah melampaui baku mutu yakni HC 199,5 μg/m3 (baku mutu 160 μg/m3) dan partikel debu 168–191μg/m3 (baku mutu 150μg/m3. Polutan udara yang melebihi baku mutu dapat menimbulkan gangguan kesehatan dan pemanasan global. Salah satu upaya untuk menurunkan polutan udara dengan cara yang murah, mudah, dan efi sien adalah menggunakan tanaman. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh permukaan dan jenis daun pada tanaman terhadap penurunan Plumbum (Pb), Karbon monoksida (CO) dan Hidro Karbon (HC) udara. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimental semu dengan pre–post test control group design. Penelitian dilakukan di laboratorium Rekayasa Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan pada bulan Agustus s.d November 2013. Obyek penelitian adalah 4 jenis tanaman yaitu dengan permukaan daun lebar berbulu (Dewa/Gynura varicate), tanaman berdaun sempit dan berbulu (Phyllostachys sulphrurea), tanaman berdaun lebar dan halus (Lily/Spathiphyllum) dan tanaman berdaun sempit danhalus (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens). Variabel bebas dalam penelitian ini adalah variasi permukaan tanaman, sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah penurunan polutan udara (Pb, CO dan HC). Kadar Pb, CO dan HC udara sebelum dan setelah perlakuan dianalisis dengan anava menggunakan program SPSS 11,5 for window dengan tingkat kemaknaan 95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tanaman Lyli (permukaan daun lebar dan haluspaling efektif) menurunkan kadar Pb, CO dan HC dibandingkan tanaman yang lain. Masyarakat dapat memelihara tanaman Lyli baik di dalam maupun di luar ruangan sebagai pencegahan dan pengendalian polutan udara.

Kata Kunci : jenis daun, polusi udara, Pb, CO, HC.

 

Type : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Bibliografi :  Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.12, No.2, November 2014

Posted by : admin jurnal

Posted on :  3 Nopember 2014

VALIDITAS KUESIONER “SEMI QUANTITATIVE FOOD FREQUENCY UNTUK MENGETAHUI KEBIASAAN MAKAN DAN ASUPAN LEMAK INDIVIDU TERHADAP PROFIL LIPIDA DARAH

Setyowati, T. Ninuk Sri Hartini

 ABSTRACT

The Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) is one of the most commonly tools in epidemiologic studies to know the impact of the food on the disease. Nowadays, some FFQ has been developed for Indonesian adults. The aim is to validate a short FFQ developed for assessment of  dietary intake of fat compare with triglyceride and cholesterol. This was observational research with cross sectional design on March – November 2013 in Nutrition Department of  Yogyakarta Health Polytechnic. The samples were 54 staffs with criteria not on fasting, on specifi  c diet and medication. Variable of this research were food pattern  and profi  le lipid.   Food pattern  was observed by food questionnarie for  1 month ago, while profi  le lipid was checked up in Sadewa Laboratory. Data was analyzed by regression with confi  dence level 95%. The result show that 54 subjects aged 28-60 years old, 98.1% subjects consuming rice 1-3 times a day and 78.2% subjects consuming chicken eggs 1-4 times a week. Proximally 50% subjects consuming tempe and tofu 2-6 times a week. The fat intake of the subjects about 8.96-199.24 grams a day, the excess of fat intake level is 46 people (85.2%) while the cholesterol intake about 11.9-399.49 grams a day.  Overall, all the subjects have normal HDL level and the percentage of normal status is higher than status of cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL.  There’s the correlation between cholesterol intake with blood cholesterol level (p=0.006) and eggs cholesterol intake and blood cholesterol intake (p=0.026). Short FFQ is valid method to assess fat status on adult.

Keywords: adults, food frequency questionnaire, lipid intake.

 ABSTRAK

Kuesioner  Frekuensi Makan (KFM) adalah metoda yang banyak digunakan dalam penelitian epidemiologi untuk mengetahui pengaruh makanan terhadap suatu penyakit.  Dewasa ini, telah dikembangkan KFM di Indonesia dengan berbagai tujuan untuk mengukur kebiasaan makan Indonesia dewasa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memvalidasi KFM untuk mengukur asupan lemak  membandingkan dengan trigliserida dan kolesterol darah. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan desain potong lintang, di Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Yogyakarta  pada bulan Maret sd November 2013. Sampel adalah  54 orang karyawan dengan  kriteria tidak sedang puasa, tidak sedang menjalankan diet khusus dan pengobatan. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah kebiasaan makan dan profi  l lipid. Kebiasaan makan diobservasi dengan makanan yang telah dikonsumsi subyek 1 bulan yang lalu, sedangkan pemeriksaan profi  l lipid dilakukan di laboratorium Sadewa.  Data dianalisis dengan regresi dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95%.   Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 54 subyek berumur 28-60 tahun,  98,1% subyek mengonsumsi nasi dengan frekuensi 1 sd 3 kali perhari, dan 78,2% subyek mengonsumsi telur ayam frekuensi 1-4 kali perminggu. Sekitar 50% subyek mengonsumsi tahu dan tempe 2-6 kali perminggu. Asupan lemak subyek penelitian berkisar antara 8,96 sampai 199,24 gram dalam sehari, tingkat asupan lemak lebih ada 46 orang (85,2%). Asupan kolesterol berkisar 11,9 – 399,49 mgram sehari. Secara keseluruhan semua responden memiliki kadar HDL normal dan persentase status normal lebih banyak dibanding yang tinggi baik pada status kolesterol, trigliserida dan LDL. Ada hubungan asupan kolesterol dengan kadar kolesterol darah (p=0,006) dan asupan kolesterol telur dan kadar kolesterol darah (p=0,026). KFM singkat adalah metoda yang valid untuk menilai status lemak pada subyek dewasa.

Kata kunci: dewasa, kuesioner frekuensi makan, asupan lemak.

 

Type : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Bibliografi :  Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.12, No.2, November 2014

Posted by : admin jurnal

Posted on :  3 Nopember 2014

PENGARUH FUNGSI MANAJEMEN KEPALA RUANG TERHADAP PENERAPAN KESELAMATAN PASIEN DAN PERAWAT DI RSUP DR. SARDJITO YOGYAKARTA

Sari Candra Dewi, Hanny Handiyani, Efy Afifah

ABSTRACT

Hospital as health services institution must be concerned about the patient  and health worke safety. Patient safety is a system that makes the patient care more safe, free from injury, no harm, and maximize the prevention of incident.. Nurses have exposure to hazards due to working in complex environments, fast and using  high technology. Work environment that supports nurse safety will allow nurses to provide nursing care who are safer anyway. Management functions is important for realizing a quality and safe nursing delivery. This study aim is to identify the relationship management function with the implementation of patient and nurse safety. This was cross-sectional study and 77 nurses at I IRNA the Sardjito hospital in early 2011. Sample size was taken by means of simple random sampling proporsionate using criteria nurses who have worked at least 1 year. The independent variable was the head nurse management functions. Dependent variables were patient safety and nurse safety implementation. Collecting data used questionnaires then analysed used chi- square analysis and multiple logistic regression. Result shows that management function of the head nurse related to  the implementation of patient safety (p=0.000-0.032;α=0.05) then the most infl  uence factor for patient safety was controlling function (OR=7.456). Planning, staffi  ng, directing, and controlling function related to the implementation of nurse safety (p=0.005-0.032; α=0.05), the most infl  uence factor for nurse safety was directing (OR=4.308). Improving function of controlling and directing is needed.

Keywords: head nurse management function, patient safety, nurse safety

 ABSTRAK

Rumah sakit sebagai institusi pelayanan kesehatan dituntut memperhatikan masalah keselamatan, baik keselamatan pasien maupun petugas kesehatan. Keselamatan pasien merupakan sistem yang membuat asuhan pasien lebih aman yaitu bebas dari cedera, meminimalkan risiko bahaya dan memaksimalkan pencegahan terjadinya insiden. Sementara itu keselamatan perawat dalam memberikan asuhan keperawatan penting untuk diperhatikan. Perawat memiliki risiko terhadap bahaya keselamatan karena bekerja dalam lingkungan pelayanan yang kompleks, cepat dan menggunakan teknologi yang tinggi. Lingkungan kerja yang memperhatikan keselamatan perawat sangat mendukung perawat dalam  memberikan asuhan keperawatan pada pasien yang aman pula.  Fungsi manajemen penting untuk mewujudkan pelayanan keperawatan yang aman dan bermutu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifi  kasi hubungan fungsi manajemen kepala ruang dengan penerapan keselamatan pasien dan perawat. Penelitian ini adalah  penelitian cross sectional. Sampel sebanyak 77 perawat di IRNA I RSUP Dr Sardjito tahun 2011yang ditentukan secara proporsionate simple random sampling dengan kriteria perawat pelaksana yang telah bekerja minimal 1 tahun. Variabel bebas adalah fungsi manajemen kepala ruang, variabel terikat meliputi penerapan keselamatan pasien dan penerapan keselamatan perawat, dengan jenis data katagorik. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner, data dianalisis dengan uji chi square dan uji regresi logistik ganda. Hasil penelitian membuktikan 5 fungsi manajemen kepala ruang berhubungan dengan penerapan keselamatan pasien (p=0,000-0,032; α 0,05), dengan faktor paling berpengaruh adalah fungsi pengendalian (OR=7,456). Fungsi perencanaan, pengaturan staf, pengarahan, dan pengendalian berhubungan dengan penerapan keselamatan perawat (p=0,005-0,032; α 0,05), dengan faktor paling berpengaruh adalah fungsi pengarahan (OR=4,308). Kepala ruang perlu selalu meningkatkan fungsi pengendalian dan pengarahan.

Kata kunci: fungsi manajemen kepala ruang, keselamatan pasien, keselamatan perawat.

 

Type : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Bibliografi :  Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.12, No.2, November 2014

Posted by : admin jurnal

Posted on :  3 Nopember 2014